Partners for Development: New Roles for Governments and Private Sector in the Middle East and North Africa
Samiha Fawzy, Ahmed Galal
World Bank, Jan 1, 1999 - Business & Economics - 225 pages
¿¿the world is changing and so should the region. After decades of state domination of economic activity, many governments around the world are relying increasingly on the private sector to foster economic growth.¿ There is a growing consensus that the time has come for governments and private sector leaders of the Middle East and North Africa to forge a new partnership for development. However, the question is: what kind of partnership should the two parties seek in order to ensure sustainable economic development? This volume attempts to address this question. To make the investigation tractable, the papers deal with four key facets of the government-private sector interface: the business environment, privatization, infrastructure, and two activities that induce transaction costs, tax administration and government procurement. The volume derives its content from papers on the theme of public-private partnerships discussed at the second Mediterranean Development Forum (MDF2) held in Marrackech, Morocco on September 3-6, 1998. The papers presented here are intended to contribute to the ongoing debate on the development opportunities and challenges facing the countries in the Middle East and North Africa.
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Transaction Costs in GovernmentPrivate
The Business Environment in Egypt
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analysis assets average business environment Cairo capital Center for Economic companies Companies Law competition contract developing countries domestic East and North economic activities efficiency employees entities estimated exports foreign Galal growth impediments implementation important improved incentive income increase industry infrastructure institutional constraints investors issues Jordan Jordanian labor macroeconomic major manufacturing ment Middle East million Ministry of Economy nomic North Africa operations ownership partnership percent percentage performance period private firms private investment private sector development private sector participation problem procedures procurement profits public sector ratio reduced reforms region regulation regulatory revenue Secured Financing share significant SOEs Source SRII state-owned structure survey results tariff tax administration tax authority tax evasion tax rates taxpayers Telecom Egypt telecommunications tion Total Private Public trade liberalization transaction costs Tunisia Turkey workers World Bank World Economic Forum