Pasoh: Ecology of a Lowland Rain Forest in Southeast Asia
T. Okuda, N. Manokaran, Y. Matsumoto, Kaoru Niiyama, S.C. Thomas, P.S. Ashton
Springer Japan, Jun 5, 2003 - Science - 628 pages
The Pasoh Forest Reserve (pasoh FR) has been a leading center for international field research in the Asian tropical forest since the 1970s, when a joint research project was carried out by Japanese, British and Malaysian research teams with the cooperation of the University of Malaya (UM) and the Forest Research Institute (FRI, now the Forest Research Institute Malaysia, FRIM) under the International Biological Program (IBP). The main objective of the project was to provide basic information on the primary productivity ofthe tropical rain forest, which was thought to be the most productive of the world's ecosystems. After the IBP project, a collaborative program between the University of Malaya and the University of Aberdeen, Scotland, UK, for post-graduate training was carried out at Pasoh. Reproductive biology of so me dipterocarp trees featured in many of the findings arrived at through the program, contributing greatly to progress in the population genetics of rain forest trees. Since those research pro grams, apart of the Pasoh forest and its field research station have been managed by FRIM. In 1984, FRIM started a long-term ecological research program in Pasoh FR with the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) and Harvard University, establishing a 50-ha plot and enumerating and mapping all trees 1 cm or more in diameter at breast height. A recensus has been conducted every 5 years.
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Logging History and Its Impact on Forest Structure and Species
Stand Structure and Floristic Composition
Rainfall Characteristics of Tropical Rainforest at Pasoh Forest Reserve
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50 ha plot abundance alluvium ambrosia beetles ant-plant ants Appanah Ashton beetles biodiversity birds canopy Crematogaster density dipterocarp forest Dipterocarpaceae distribution dynamics Ecol ecological ecosystem Euphorbiaceae FFPRI ﬁrst ﬂowering ﬂux foraging Forest Research Institute Forest Reserve Pasoh forest trees fruit genera habitat height heimii herbivores individuals inﬂuence insects Institute Malaysia FRIM Japan Kepong Kochummen Kuala Lumpur LaFrankie lowland dipterocarp forest lowland rain forest Macaranga Malay Malayan Manokaran Maschwitz myrmecophytic Negeri Sembilan nest number of species nutrient observed Oecologia palm Pasoh Forest Reserve Pasoh FR pattems Peninsular Malaysia phenology photosynthetic plants pollinators population PPFD primary forest rainfall rattan regenerating forest Research Institute Malaysia samples saplings seed seedlings selective logging Shorea signiﬁcant signiﬁcantly spatial species richness speciﬁc stem structure sunﬂecks Table traps tree species tropical forest tropical rain forest tropical tree understory values woodpeckers