Passive Low Energy Cooling of Buildings
A practical sourcebook for building designers, providing comprehensive discussion of the impact of basic architectural choices on cooling efficiency, including the layout and orientation of the structure, window size and shading, exterior color, and even the use of plantings around the site. All major varieties of passive cooling systems are presented, with extensive analysis of performance in different types of buildings and in different climates: ventilation; radiant cooling; evaporative cooling; soil cooling; and cooling of outdoor spaces.
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THE VARIOUS PASSIVE COOLING SYSTEMS AND THEIR
MINIMIZING COOLING NEEDS BY BUILDING DESIGN
Cooling the Soil in Summer by Surface Treatments
Options for Utilizing the Cooled Soil
air flow air speed air temperature ambient air annual applicability average building calculated ceiling climatic closed coefficient cold comfort concrete conductivity convective cooling systems courtyard covered daytime depends depth developed direct discussed diurnal earth effect elements elevation energy evaporative cooling exit experimental exposed factors Figure flow rate formula given Givoni heat gain heat loss height higher humid increases indoor air indoor temperature insulation interior layer limit lower mass materials maximum measured meters minimize natural night openings outdoor outdoor air patterns performance places possible radiant cooling radiator range reduced regions relative Research result roof pond serve shading shower shows soil soil temperature solar space storage structural studies summer surface surface temperature temperature drop thermal tubes types usually utilized ventilation walls wind wind speed winter