Passive Structures in Singapore English
GRIN Verlag, 2011 - 40 pages
Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject American Studies - Linguistics, grade: 2, University of Freiburg, course: Proseminar I, 12 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Ho and Platt (1993:1) argue that Singaporean English is a particularly interesting indigenized, or nativized, speech variety because it is so widely used and fills so many functions. I can confirm Ho and Platt's statement, since I was in Singapore in 2004. It was not difficult to notice Singapore English as a speech variety. This sparked my interest in participating in the proseminar 'English in Singapore' and consequently in researching into a certain grammatical phenomenon in Singapore English, namely the passive voice. In this term paper, a short analysis of the two passive structures specific to Colloquial Singapore English (the so-called kena passive and the give passive) will be presented. Further on, we the get passive will be examined. We will show that give- and kena-constructions are derived from the languages of Chinese and Malay, respectively. The bigger part of this paper will be to examine the overall frequencies thereof. Which of the two passive constructions will be closer in structure to the standard form? A personal analysis will help us to answer this question, always with the hidden desire to finally come up with a reasonable conclusion towards the end of the paper. We will probably have a winner of the competing substrate form and we will hopefully find out which passive construction is the most productive one in Singapore English. Moreover, we want to compare the frequency of the kena-passive with the getpassive's frequency in a corpus-based analysis. Admittedly, the corpus-based study will be relatively restrictive and not quite large in size. In addition, the give-passive will be ignored due to its rarity. Further on, we want to compare passive voice in Singapore with the passive in Standard English. To manage this, after having presented the develo
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200 written texts According to Bao adverse interpretation agentive by-phrase akademische Texte American English analysis of kena Bao and Wee base form be-passive bči construction boss scold British English Cantonese closer in structure Colloquial Singapore English competing substrate form constructions in Singapore copular verb corpus-based analysis durian kena eaten e.g. John kena English in Singapore example formal style get-passives give in Singapore give passive Greenbaum GRIN Verlag Hokkien http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_in_ Singapore:par ICE-Singapore Corpus John give John kena praised John kena scold kena constructions kena passive constructions kena-passive lexical verb Malay Mandarin mark the passive Mary kena means Multilingualism non-printed overall frequencies participle passive in Singapore passive in Standard Passive Structures passive voice passive’s past participial form phrase printed writing private dialogues reportage semantic feature sentence Singapore Corpus Singapore English GRIN Singaporean English Singaporean speaks Standard English stative verbs Structures in Singapore tennis partner term paper whole ICE-Sin women bči ren