Pathologies of Body, Self and Space
Sean A. Spence, Peter W. Halligan
Psychology Press, 2002 - Psychology - 112 pages
What happens when the physical body and the subjective sense of self part company? How do we explain phantom limbs and alien abduction? What are the cognitive, neurobiological mechanisms that support such phenomena? In this special issue of Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, Spence and Halligan explore all these issues and more, with contributions drawn from an internationally renowned panel of authors, most of whom contributed to a symposium held in Sheffield, England in June 2001 ('The Neuropsychiatry of the Body in Space'). That meeting was primarily concerned with those bizarre and disturbing syndromes that arise when 'body' and 'self', soma and psyche are dissociated from each other, within or beyond the body's surface. Some disorders constrain the space of the body (as in neglect and dissociation syndromes), others seem to extend the boundaries (as with phantom limbs and autoscopy). Still others suggest a permeability of those boundaries (as in alien control and thought insertion, each occurring in schizophrenia). Finally, the body may itself be perceived as having passed into space, the most extreme exemplar being 'alien abduction'. Each paper contains a description of disturbed phenomenology and an account and critique of current cognitive neuropsychiatric findings.
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abnormal activity alien abduction experiences alien control Alien hand syndrome amputation appears associated auditory autoscopic hallucination autoscopic phenomena awareness behaviour Berrios Bisiach brain Brugger characterised Cheyne clinical cognitive Cognitive Neuropsychiatry Cognitive Neuropsychology cognitive psychology cognitivism cognitivist cognitivist account consciousness contralesional conversion disorders cortex deficits described disorders dissociation concept doppelganger egocentric encode evidence experienced explain false memories feeling Frith frontal function Halligan heautoscopy Husain ipsilesional Karnath lesions mechanisms Melzack monitoring motor movements neglect patients neglect syndrome neural Neurology neuropsychiatry neuropsychology Neuroscience normal one's own body out-of-body experience Oxford parietal lobe patients with neglect perceptual Persinger perspective phantom limb phantom limb phenomena phenomenon physical body processing Psychiatry psychological psychopathology Ramachandran reduplicated reported right hemisphere Robertson schizophrenia sensations sensory sleep paralysis spatial Spence stimuli subjective suggest symptom representations temporal lobe theory thought insertion unexplained illness unexplained symptoms Unilateral neglect Vallar visual