Patricians, Professors, and Public Schools: The Origins of Modern Educational Thought in America
Patricians, Professors, and Public Schools argues that the thinking behind efforts to reform American schools in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries emphasized two new ideas - that economic growth and the opportunity it created were more limited than had earlier been thought, and that popular aspirations should be revised downward accordingly.
After discussing the thinking that reformers reacted against in the first chapter of the book, later chapters examine those most responsible for these new ideas, especially Felix Adler and John Dewey. These chapters argue that reformers' fears about the social dislocation stemming from economic growth makes the most sense of the educational redirection they promoted.
This is a new interpretation of developments that have long been debated by American historians, and should be of interest to a wide variety of readers.
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activity Adams Adler American Annual Report argued argument become believed Blair Boston Bourne Butler chapter Charles Francis Adams Chicago child cities common school curriculum Democracy and Education democratic Dewey's Diane Ravitch discussion E. L. Godkin earlier early Education Association educational reform efforts elite especially Ethical Culture example existing feared Felix Adler force Geoffrey Blodgett Gilded Age Harris History hoped human ideal ideas immigrant important increased industrial education influence institutions intellectual interest Jacksonian John Dewey kind labor Langerfeld learning Mann manual training mind moral movement Mugwumps National Education Association nature Nicholas Murray Butler nineteenth century noted offered opportunity organization patricians Philbrick political population position problem progress public schools question Republican Review role school reform school system scientific seemed sense society superintendent teaching thinking tion trade traditional University urban values vocational education workers wrote York