Patterns and pathways: A person-oriented approach to understanding students' motivation to learn
University of Michigan, 2007 - 138 pages
Across all clusters, cost value discriminated among adaptive patterns, suggesting that perceptions of the time and effort required to learn math play an important role in motivation. Ethnic and linguistic differences in cluster membership favored Vietnamese students and proficient English speakers.
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Achievement Goal Theory achievement motivation achievement outcomes adaptive patterns affect and achievement African American Asian American attainment value average groups average levels Bergman classrooms cluster analysis cluster means cluster solutions compared competence beliefs components of subjective conceptions of ability cost perceptions differences in achievement differences in motivation dissertation Dweck Eccles Educational Psychology English Learners Euclidean distance Expectancy-Value model Expectancy-Value Theory expected goal adoption Goal Theory perspective high cost students high groups Hispanic hypotheses identified individual interest Journal of Educational levels of mastery low cluster Maehr mastery and performance mastery goals mathematics measure Midgley model of achievement motivation beliefs multiple goal perspective negative affect Nicholls overall pathways patterns of goal patterns of motivation performance approach goals performance avoid goals performance goals person-oriented approach Pintrich positive affect predicted sample seven clusters students reported subjective task value sum of squares theoretical traditional and multiple Value Theory variables Wigfield