Patterns of Lifelong Learning: Policy & Practice in an Expanding Europe
For the European Union, lifelong learning has become a means of achieving both competitiveness and social cohesion in an increasingly knowledge-based and globalised economy. Though the concept of lifelong learning is not new, it now coincides with a period of rapid EU expansion. The research project the book is based on examines how lifelong learning is understood and operationalised, especially in countries within the area of the EU's expansion. Europe, its policy-makers and peoples, need to know whether lifelong learning can contribute to the construction of a European identity - and if so, how. The research points to the importance of diverse national contexts, which suggests a single model of lifelong learning across the EU is unlikely to be achieved. While the EU may encourage a common policy, and this may generate significant national policy developments, these will be strongly influenced by national context: institutional, political, social, ideological. Many countries will continue - consciously or unconsciously - to "pick and choose" between different EU priorities.
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Lifelong Learning in National Policy A Residual Role?
Towards a Typology of Approaches to Lifelong Learning in Europe
Glossary of Terms Used
Data Contributing to the Typology of Lifelong Learning Chapter 12 Explanation of Measures and Sources
Key Characteristics of the Thirteen Countries
Lifelong Learning Policy Coordination
Barriers to Implementation of Lifelong Learning
active citizenship adult education age group aims Area of Lifelong Austria Austrian report Bulgaria Bulgarian report Central and Eastern concept context coordination Czech Republic discourse economically inactive education and training education system educational policy emphasis employability employment rates England Estonia EU’s European Union Eurostat example Figure Flanders focus formal education gender higher education human capital Hungary implementation important increase informal learning Ireland Irish report knowledge economy knowledge society Labour Force Survey labour market labour market policies learning citizen learning organisations learning society lifelong learning policy lifelong learning strategy Lisbon Strategy literacy Lithuania measures Ministry national policy national reports Norway Norwegian report participation in lifelong policy documents population post-communist countries post-compulsory programmes promote Qualifications Framework relation to lifelong role Russia Scotland sector seen skills Slovenia social capital social cohesion social exclusion social policy tion typology unemployed welfare whilst