Pay for Performance: Evaluating Performance Appraisal and Merit Pay

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"Pay for performance" has become a buzzword for the 1990s, as U.S. organizations seek ways to boost employee productivity. The new emphasis on performance appraisal and merit pay calls for a thorough examination of their effectiveness. Pay for Performance is the best resource to date on the issues of whether these concepts work and how they can be applied most effectively in the workplace.
This important book looks at performance appraisal and pay practices in the private sector and describes whether--and how--private industry experience is revelant to federal pay reform. It focuses on the needs of the federal government, exploring how the federal pay system evolved; available evidence on federal employee attitudes toward their work, their pay, and their reputation with the public; and the complicating and pervasive factor of politics.


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Introduction 7
The History of Civil Service Reform 13
The Nature of the Evidence 34
Definition Measurement and Application 45
Perspectives and Research 77
PrivateSector Practice and Perspectives 102
The Importance of Context 122
Findings and Conclusions 135
A Survey Descriptions 191
B Biographical Sketches 197

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