Paying for Productivity: A Look at the Evidence
Alan S. Blinder
Brookings Institution Press, Jan 1, 2011 - Business & Economics - 308 pages
Will higher pay provide an incentive for better work? Can productivity be increased by changing the way workers are compensated? In response to the urgent need to improve productivity performance in American industry, leading economists examine alternative compensation schemes to assess their efficiency in raising productivity.
Over the years a number of suggestions have been made for improving labor productivity by changing the manner in which laborers are compensated for their efforts. The ideas presented and analyzed in this volume have all been put into practice, in modified form or on a small scale, in the United States or elsewhere. Some are new; others quite old.
David I. Levine and Laura D'Andrea Tyson consider the effects of employee participation in decisionmaking on firm performance, and Martin L. Weitzman and Douglas L. Kruse discuss the implications of profit sharing and related forms of pay for group performance. Michael A. Conte and Jan Svejnar analyze employee stock ownership plans in the United States and other forms of worker ownership in Europe; Masanore Hashimoto uses a transaction-cost perspective to assess Japanese employment and wage systems. Daniel J. B. Mitchell, David Lewin, and Edward E. Lawler III give an overall analysis of traditional and alternative pay systems, their history, development, and curent use, and recommend further experimentation with alternative compensation plans to ensure more adaptability on the part of U.S. firms. Blinder provides an overview of the findings and conclusions.
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Alternative Pay Systems Firm Performance and Productivity
Managerial Attitudes toward Alternative Pay Systems
Summary Statistics from Columbia Business Unit Survey
Profit Sharing and Productivity
Weitzman and Douglas L Kruse
Surveys of Employee Attitudes
Regression Results from the Conte and Tannenbaum Study
Participation Productivity and the Firms Environment
Levine and Laura DAndrea Tyson
Characteristics of Participatory Employment Systems Four Cases
Employment and Wage Systems in Japan and Their Implications
Cyclical Sensitivity for Male Workers in Japanese
Days Lost by Labor Disputes in Japan 195182
The Performance Effects of Employee Ownership Plans