Payment for environmental services in agricultural landscapes: economic policies and poverty reduction in developing countries
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2009 - Business & Economics - 283 pages
In recent years, development policy has responded to an increasing concern about natural resource degradation by setting up innovative payment for environmental services (PES) programs in developing countries. PES programs use market and institutional incentives in order to meet both environmental and poverty alleviation objectives. However, their optimal design, implications for the rural poor, and how these initiatives integrate into international treaties on global warming and biodiversity loss are still being discussed. This book addresses these issues by examining analytical tools, providing policy insights and stimulating debate on linkages between poverty alleviation and environmental protection. In particular, it turns attention towards the role of environmental services in agricultural landscapes as they provide a living for many poor in developing countries.--Publisher's description.
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Introduction and Overview
Designing Payments for Environmental Services with Weak
Marketing Environmental Services
7 other sections not shown
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activities adoption agricultural landscape externalities analysis Antle assessment Author's survey average benefits Bhutan biodiversity bioeconomic buyers carbon contracts carbon price carbon sequestration CO2e communities CONAFOR conservation crops deforestation developing countries disease dummy ecological Econ economic ecosystem services ee.e ee.e ee.e effective ejidos emissions endangered species environment environmental services estimate Ethiopian wolf farmers funds Group habitat habitat fragmentation hectares households impact implementation incentives income increase Indonesia infected International investments Kenya land livestock logging deals maize monitoring natural resources negotiations opportunity cost Pallisa Pallisa district participation patches payments for environmental PES programs pollution poor population potential poverty reduction poverty threshold practices production property rights reduce Region rice varieties risk rural Source Stoorvogel sustainable Table targeting terraces tourist services trade-offs traditional varieties transaction costs vaccination variables wetlands wildlife damage Zilberman Zone