Pediatric Hydrocephalus

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Springer Science & Business Media, Apr 14, 2004 - Medical - 461 pages

In the last ten years the pediatric neurosurgeon has witnessed a real revolution in the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric hydrocephalus, the most frequently encountered condition in everyday clinical practice. The evolution of MRI and the advent of neuroendoscopic surgery have resuscitated the interest in the classification, etiology and pathophysiology of hydrocephalus. The book offers an updated overview on the recent progress in this field, and a new approach to hydrocephalus: the reader will find in it a modern and new presentation of an old disease, where genetics, endoscopy, cost-effectiveness analyses and many other aspects of the various therapies are extensively discussed. The volume will be useful not only for neurosurgeons, but for all specialists interested in the various aspects of hydrocephalus: pediatricians, radiologists, endocrinologists, pathologists and geneticists.

 

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Contents

Genetics of Hydrocephalus
1
Development of the Cerebrospinal Fluid Pathways During Embryonic and Fetal Life in Humans
19
Cerebrospinal Fluid Dynamics
47
Pathophysiology of Hydrocephalus
65
Modern Imaging of Pediatric Hydrocephalus
79
Classification and Definition of Hydrocephalus Origin Controversy and Assignment of the Terminology
95
Hydrocephalus Intracranial Pressure Myelination and Neurodevelopment
113
Posthemorrhagic Hydrocephalus of Prematurity
121
Hydrocephalus and Aqueductal Stenosis
279
Shunt Hardware and Surgical Technique
295
Abdominal Complications of Peritoneal Shunts
315
Patterns of Shunt Failure According to the Hydrodynamic Features of the Valve Lessons from the Shunt Design Trial
329
Slit Ventricle Syndrome or Syndromes Diagnosis and Management
335
Endoscopic Anatomy of the Ventricles
351
Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy
361
Third Ventriculostomy in Shunt Malfunction
389

Hydrocephalus with Myelomeningocele
133
Benign Pericerebral Collections in Children
145
Hydrocephalus in Pediatric Patients with Posterior Fossa Tumours
155
Treatment of Hydrocephalus in Suprasellar Lesions
163
Hydrocephalus and Colloid Cysts
171
Hydrocephalus and Spinal Tumors
187
Postinfectious Hydrocephalus in Children
201
Multiloculated Hydrocephalus
219
Hydrocephalus in Neurocysticercosis and Other Parasitic and Infectious Diseases
245
Hydrocephalus and the DandyWalker Malformation
259
Dynamic MRI of Cerebrospinal Fluid in Children
397
The CISS Sequence in the Preoperative MRI Assessment of Neuroendoscopic Third Ventriculostomy
405
Complications of Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy
411
Repeat Third Ventriculostomy
421
Economic Analysis of Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy and Ventricular Shunts
425
Growth and Puberty in Hydrocephalus
435
Epilepsy in Childhood Shunted Hydrocephalus
443
Subject Index
455
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