Pediatric Fitness: Secular Trends and Geographic Variability
Grant R. Tomkinson, Tim Olds
Karger, Jan 1, 2007 - Medical - 245 pages
Over the years, there has been much controversy regarding whether today's children and adolescents are fitter than their peers of the past and whether they are fitter if they live in the more affluent than the less affluent countries. This publication starts by examining data cumulated since the late 1950s on secular trends and geographic variability in pediatric fitness test performances of children and adolescents from 23 countries in North America, Europe, Asia, Australasia, Africa and the Middle East. There is evidence that there has been a global decline in pediatric aerobic performance in recent decades, relative stability in anaerobic performance, and that the best performing children come from northern and central Europe. It finishes by considering possible causes, including whether declines in aerobic performance are the result of distributional or 'across-the-board' declines, and whether increases in obesity alone can explain the declines in aerobic performance. Physical educators, exercise/sport scientists, exercise physiologists, personal trainers, pediatricians, medical practitioners and public health providers will find useful information in this book on secular trends and geographic variability in pedatric fitness.
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What Are We Measuring?
What Are We Measuring?
Secular Changes in Pediatric Aerobic Fitness
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20 m SRT adults aerobic fitness aerobic fitness test aerobic performance aerobic power age X sex anaerobic Anthropometry Armstrong Asian Australasian children average blood lactate body mass Body Mass Index boys and girls broad jump Canadian cardiovascular endurance changes in aerobic chil childhood children and adolescents children and youth children's physical activity Council of Europe cycling datasets differences endurance shuttle run Estonia Estonian and Lithuanian European factors fatness fitness performance Fitness Survey fitness test performance global Health Hong Kong increase lactate levels Lithuanian Malina mance maturation mean z-scores measurement muscle obesity overall Pediatr Exerc Sci pediatric Pediatric Fitness Phys Physical Education physical fitness Praagh relative reported run test running performance running speed sample scores secular changes Secular Trends sex X test sit-ups skinfold skinfold thicknesses South Australia Sport Sci sprint standing broad jump time-related patterns Tomkinson and Olds Tomkinson GR values VO2m Welsman young z-scores