Peer Review: A Critical Inquiry

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Rowman & Littlefield, 2004 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 249 pages
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Peer review is the process by which submissions to journals and presses are evaluated with regard to suitability for publication. Armed with the results of numerous empirical studies, critics have leveled a variety of harsh charges against peer review such as: reviewers and editors are biased toward authors from prestigious institutions, peer review is biased toward established ideas, and it does a poor job of detecting errors and fraud. While an immense literature has sprouted on peer review in the sciences and social sciences, Peer Review is the first book-length, wide-ranging study of peer review that utilizes methods and resources of contemporary philosophy. Its six chapters cover the following topics: the tension between peer review and the liberal notion that truth emerges when ideas proliferate in the marketplace of ideas; arguments for and against blind review of submissions; the alleged conservatism of peer review; the anomalous nature of book reviewing; the status of non-peer-reviewed publications, such as invited articles or Internet publications, in tenure and promotion cases; and the future of peer review in the age of the Internet. The author has also included several key readings about peer review.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Peer Review and the Marketplace of Ideas
15
Bias and Anonymity in the Peer Review Process
35
Is Peer Review Inherently Conservative? Should It Be?
83
Peerless Review The Strange Case of Book Reviews
109
What Should Count?
121
Where Do We Go from Here? Peer Review in the Age of the Internet
139
Supplementary Essays
163
Why Be My Colleagues Keeper? Moral Justifications for Peer Review
179
The Fate of Published Articles Submitted Again
191
The Case against Blind Submission
215
Fish on Blind Submission
231
Reply to Skoblow
233
The Invisible Hand of Peer Review
235
Index
243
About the Author
249

Ethics and Manuscript Reviewing
165

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About the author (2004)

David Shatz is professor of philosophy at Yeshiva University. He has published articles and reviews in the fields of epistemology, free will, philosophy of religion, medical ethics, medieval Jewish philosophy, and contemporary Jewish philosophy.

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