Pen Portraits of Illustrious Castilians
Medieval Texts in Translation Series Pen Portraits of Illustrious Castilians is the first English translation of Generaciones y Semblanzas, a compilation of thirty-four biographical sketches of the most illustrious Castilians of the mid-fifteenth century. These include three kings, a queen, and thirty nobles, prelates, and scholars who represented the most prominent families of the day. Notably, this is the first collection of biographies in Spanish historiography to be published. The text was written in Spanish in 1450 by Fernan Perez de Guzman, an historian, moralist, politician, and poet whose personal contact with the most powerful nobles of the time provided him with the material for these intimate and revealing portraits. Through insightful commentary on his subjects' family background, personality traits, outstanding deeds, virtues, and vices, the author brings to the reader vivid portraits of some of the most important players in Castilian history. Within the portraits, occasional digressions provide the author with the opportunity to present his own personal beliefs on such timely issues as the situation of Jewish convers in Castilla, the greed and self-serving motives of many of his contemporaries, and the role played by Divine Providence in shaping the history of his country. Perez's introduction appears to be the first treatise written in Spanish on the nature of history and on the duties and responsibilities of those recording it. The translators have succeeded in maintaining certain stylistic characteristics of fifteenth-century Spanish without sacrificing readability. Their introduction and notes provide useful background information, as do the map and genealogical table.
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Alvaro de Luna ancestral home Antequera Archbishop of Toledo battle Bordona brother Castilian Christians Chronicle Constable of Castilla Constable's Cortes Count Don daughter death deeds died Don Alfonso Don Alvaro Don Enrique Don Juan Don Pedro Don Ruy Lopez Enrique de Villena Enrique III Enriquez exiled favor Fernan Perez Fernandez Garci Generaciones Gomez Manrique Gonzalo governing Granada grandees greed honor ILLUSTRIOUS CASTILIANS imprisoned Juan de Velasco King Enrique King Juan King of Aragon King of Castilla King of Navarra King's Kingdom Kingdom of Aragon Kingdom of Leon land later Leonor lineage lord Madrid manor Master of Santiago monarchy Moors nobility nobles notable knight Palencia peace Pedro Lopez Pedro Tenorio Pen Portraits Perez de Guzman Portugal position prelates Prince Enrique Prince Fernando Prince Juan reign rule Ruy Lopez Davalos Sancho de Rojas Sevilla Spain Spanish Stuniga Suarez Tate took Trastamara Valladolid virtue