Pennsylvania School Architecture: A Manual of Directions and Plans for Grading, Locating, Constructing, Heating, Ventilating and Furnishing Common School Houses

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Page 252 - Without reference to its moral effects, bodily pain forms a large proportion of the amount of human misery. It is, therefore, of the highest importance, that a child should grow up sound and healthful in body, and with the utmost degree of muscular strength that education can communicate.
Page 220 - The turning of the earth on its axis, of the moon around the earth and the earth around the sun, seems to furnish real units.
Page 206 - COMPOSITION FOR BLACKBOARDS. Lampblack and Flour of Emery, mixed with Spirit- Varnish. No more Lampblack and Flour of Emery should be used, than are sufficient to give the required black and abrading surface ; and the Varnish should contain only sufficient gam to hold the ingredients together, and confine the Composition to the Board.
Page 10 - THE STATE TO EDUCATE. — In Prussia it is said that every child is " due to the school." Here it may be laid down as one of our social principles, that, as the best services of all her children are due to the State, so it is the duty of the State to bring out, to their fullest extent, all the talents and powers for good, of all her children.
Page 195 - ... will be observed to lean sideways upon each other. At this time, it is, that restlessness and disorder begin to manifest themselves amongst the younger Pupils, and at this time the forward support afforded by the desk, both for the person and the book, would form a relief to the Scholars, and tend to the quiet of the School. Moreover, it is now admitted by all good...
Page 216 - A childish waste of philosophic pains ; But truths, on which depends our main concern, That 'tis our shame and misery not to learn, Shine by the side of every path we tread With such a lustre, he that runs may read.
Page 262 - ... responsible for their care-taking. It is his duty to keep a clean and tidy school-room, and it is equally his duty to keep the grounds in good condition. It is true that the destructive propensities of children, uncontrolled, often lead them to do mischief, — to throw down fences, to cut and bark trees, to cover doors and furniture with uncouth and obscene figures ; but it is emphatically the teacher's duty to prevent these acts, and no better proof of a teacher's want of qualifications need...
Page 259 - ... confidence and activity to the performer, which may be valuable to him in the dangerous and trying positions of after life. Vaulting is another kind of exercise which strengthens the muscles of both upper and lower limbs. The ; power to swing oneself over a fence too high for a leap, in times of danger or great haste, is desirable. Rapid and graceful mounting on horseback may also be thus taught. The necessary fixtures cost little and add to the variety of the play-ground. The parallel bars are...
Page 253 - ... heart, and produce fruit a hundredfold. Even the presence of the teacher on the play-ground, while it need detract nothing from the fun or frolic, will be beneficial in elevating the general tone of enjoyment. Unkind words will not be spoken, nor selfish deeds be done, when he is by; and good qualities soon grow habitual. Instances, indeed, are not wanting in which, when rebellious natures had stirred up discontent among the pupils, and appearances indicated the subversion of the teacher's authority,...
Page 206 - For twenty square yards of wall, take three pecks of mason's putty (white finish), three pecks of clean...

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