Penological Esperanto and Sentencing Parochialism: A Comparative Study of the Search for Non-Prison Punishments
Sentencing experts use a common language of universally shared meanings and assumptions; a version of penological esperanto. An inspection of penal practice across jurisdictions reveal diverse, parochial influences shaping sentencing policy.This book compares sentencing reforms in California, England and Finland that sought to introduce non-prison forms of punishment through the use of community-based sentences. Using focus groups with criminal justice officials this cross-cultural study explores the variations in response to community sanctions from jurisdictions with contrasting assumptions about punishments other than imprisonment.
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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Consultation using focus groups
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agencies agenda alternative to custody Anttila approach behaviour Blue Ribbon Commission cent community sanctions community sentences community service order community-based concern conditional sentence convicted countries credibility Criminal Justice Act criminal justice officials criminal justice system criminal law culture curfew custodial sentence day-fines Department of Corrections deterrence developments discussion electronic monitoring England and Wales Esperanto factors Finland Finnish focus group goals Home Office ideas implementation imposed incarceration influence inmates intermediate sanctions introduced issue jail judges jurisdictions Justice Act 1991 legislation Lower Court magistrates meeting moderator N/A N/A N/A offender-instrumental opinions options organisation panellists panels parole violators participants penalties person political prison population Probation Service probation workers problems professional programs proposals prosecutors punishment punitive rehabilitation response retribution role sentencing law sentencing policy sessions social Superior Court supervision Table target population topic Tornudd unconditional imprisonment views White Paper young offenders