People as an agent of environmental change
The papers in this volume revisit one of the concerns which dominated environmental archaeology through the 1960s and 1970s, namely the timing, nature and extent of human impact on the environment. The thirteen contributions reflect the diversity of approaches and ideas today and show how our understanding of the place of people in ecosystems is now more subtle. There are papers on palynological evidence from the Strymon Delta in Macedonia; prehistoric copper mining at Mount Gabriel, Ireland; fungal spores as anthropogenic indicators on Shetland; prehistoric human impact on the prehistoric environments of Orkney, North York Moors and the Mid-Devon landscape; mites as indicators of human impact in the Netherlands; the disappearance of Elmid Riffle Beetles' from lowland river systems in Britain; and case studies from further afield: palaeoenvironmental reconstruction in the Central Mexican Highlands; food plant availability in the Murchison Basin, Western Australia, prior to European arrival and Paleoindian expansion into South America.
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Palaeoecological Evidence from Mount Gabriel
Kingswood Grove University College Galway
Early Neolithic to Late Iron Age
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Aboriginal activity agricultural alluvial Alnus arboreal pollen archaeological assemblage Atherden Betula Bindon Bronze Age Butzer calibrated Calluna catchment charcoal climatic change comm core Corylus cropmark cultural Cyperaceae decline deposits dwelling mounds eaten raw ecological edible elmid environment environmental Ericaceae erosion evidence excavation exploitation Fen Bogs Figure fungal spores Hemington Holocene human humified peat impact increase indicated Iron Age island lake land landscape late Holocene Latz Leyland pers lowland rivers LPAZ Macklin macrofossil Medieval Mexico Mighall mining mire surface mites Moss Mount Gabriel Murchison Basin Neolithic North York Moors Nymet Barton O'Hara ombrotrophic Orkney Oxbow palaeoecological Patzcuaro peat period Pinus pituri plant Poaceae pollen diagrams pollen record poorly humified prehistoric Quaternary Quercus radiocarbon dates region roasted samples sediment seeds Skara Brae species Sphagnum Sphagnum imbricatum stratigraphy suggests taxa vegetational history Veth Western Australia wood woodland clearance Yamaji zone