People on the edge in the Horn: displacement, land use & the environmental in the Gedaref Region, Sudan
What impact do displaced people and refugees have on the place where they eke out their living from resources under pressure? Is land degradation due to natural factors or to the people on the edge? How do the people react to the loss of income due to land degradation? Do they become more innovative and more responsive to changes in agricultural techniques? Or do their land use practices become ever more exploitative? Most policies concerned with the settlement of the nomads, peasants, refugees, internally displaced persons and returnees fail to take into account their impact on the environment. In this important book, Gaim Kibreab questions the degree of the impact of Eritreans displaced by the war with Ethiopia on a region of the Sudan. Was the land degradation on and around the scheme due to humans and their livestock? The study provides evidence to question many assumptions.
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People on the Edge in the Horn: Displacement, Land Use & the Environment in ...
No preview available - 1996
ACORD agricultural allocated Amer animal arable land Butana cause changes charcoal charcoal production Chewa common resources consequences conservation consumption CPRs crop residues crop rotation crop yields customary laws deforestation Dehema depletion economic EEC project environment Eritrea example factors fallow periods farms feddans firewood forage forest Gedaref Gedaref district grasses gum arabic hawashas human interference impact income increased indigenous technical knowledge individual institutional jab planter jebels Khartoum Kibreab labour lack land degradation land shortage land-use practices legumes livestock major migration Nahal scheme ownership plant plots population density population growth population pressure problem Qala en Nahal Rahad River rainfall refugee communities refugee families refugee farmers refugee settlement refugee villages resource-management systems response rotation Saho Salmin scarcity scheme area sesame soil fertility soil nutrients sorghum species subsistence Sudan Sudanese farmers Sudanese villages tenurial Tigrinya tractors trees Umsagata UNHCR vegetation resources vertisols weed infestation wood fuel
Governance Without Government: Community Managed Irrigation in Eritrea
No preview available - 2001