Performance, Culture, and Identity
Elizabeth Calvert Fine, Jean Haskell Speer, Jean Haskell
Praeger, Jan 1, 1992 - Social Science - 303 pages
This volume is based on the premise that artistic performance is epistemological, a way of knowing self, culture, and other. The nine essays in this book, based on a broad range of ethnic, racial, and gender groups, share a common interest in exploring how performance reveals, shapes, and sometimes transforms personal and cultural identity. Editors Fine and Speer begin by examining the interdisciplinary roots of performance studies and the role of performance studies in the field of communication. They also discuss the power of performance to shape personal and cultural identity. The first two chapters explore the ritual nature of performance in two different cultural contexts: an African-American church service and an Appalachian storytelling event of the legendary Ray Hicks. In both arenas, the performers act as shamans, transporting the audience from their everyday, secular lives to the "higher ground" of the mythic spheres of heroic and fantastic events. The next three chapters discuss the notion of place and performance in various landscapes--the English countryside, the Blue Ridge Mountains, and the farmland of the Midwest. Through analysis of the speech and songs of a modern Sussex yeoman, the ghost tales of Appalachian storytellers, and the narratives of Midwest farmers coping with hard times, the authors reveal a variety of ways in which narrative performances function to preserve people's relationship with the land. The last four chapters share a focus on women as storytellers. One chapter offers a feminist critique of personal narrative research and challenges normative assumptions about the storytelling behavior of women. Another chapter interprets a narration of a Galician woman's "typical day" to reveal how the performance expresses deeply held attitudes and beliefs of her cultural community. Words are not the only medium that women use to tell their stories. The next chapter examines the story cloths of Hmong women refugees from Laos as intercultural and dialogical performances. The last chapter explores self-discovery and identity in the storytelling of a woman in the last years of her life. This volume is particularly representative of the ways in which communication scholars approach performance studies, but will also interest researchers and students of folklore, anthropology, sociology, theatre, and related disciplines.
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Performative Metaphors as Ritual Communication
The Storyteller as Shaman
Speech and Song of a Modern Sussex Yeoman
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a-huntin Adur aesthetic Algernon Charles Swinburne analysis Anthropology artists audience Barbara Myerhoff behavior chapter Christ church communitas context dialogue discourse Dwight Conquergood East Sussex escape narrative ethnographic example experience farm crisis narratives farmers Fernandez fieldwork Folklore formance Fort Huachuca function G. T. Harvey Galicia gallery genre Harvey's Healy's high talk Hmong Huachuca Ibid identity Ila Healy images interpretation Jack and Ray's Jack Tales Jesus kernel story liminal lives Maite Maite's meaning metanarration mother mountain Myerhoff narrative performance narrator ndau participants Patrick County Performance Studies performative metaphors personal narratives Ray Hicks Ray's Hunting Trip reflexivity refugee Richard Bauman ritual river river Adur role Royal Native says sermon shaman shared shipwrecked age Shoreham Shoreham-by-Sea social society song spatial Speech Communication story cloths storytelling symbols tale tell teller Text theme told traditional Transcript unit University Press Victor Turner women storytelling Yeah