Persistent Offender Law: Racial Disparity, Patterned Offenses, and Unintended Effects
Annotation Given increasingly tough crime control policy trends in the US, Rodriguez (administration of justice, Arizona State U. West) studied the theoretical context and consequences of Washington State's Persistent Offender Accountability Act from 1993-97, one of many state and a Federal "three strikes" laws. She found some but not consistent race/ethnicity disparity in sentencing chronic offenders of serious crimes. Interviews with courtroom personnel yielded much uncertainty about the law's impact on crime. Data tables and the interview questions are appended. Annotation (c)2003 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com).
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Sentencing Mechanisms and Courtroom Culture
Three Strikes Law and Racial Disparity
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05 Table analysis Asian Assault assessment Bench trial Community Supervision counties criminal history record defendants Drug offense Effect of Race/Ethnicity federal sentencing guidelines felony Guilty Plea impact incarceration Independent Variable ith sentence Jury Trial legal variables Level of Seriousness liberation hypothesis Logistic Regression Manslaughter minority offenders Murder Native American non-strike offenses Number of Offenses number of prior Number of Strikes offense at Tl offenses committed overall guideline departure plea bargaining Prior Number prior offenses Probabilities for Sequence probability of committing prosecutors Race/Ethnicity on Sentencing Rape receive longer sentences Regression Models Research Question Residential Burglary sentence length sentences than White sentencing decisions Sentencing Departure Sentencing Guidelines Commission sentencing laws sentencing process Sequence of Offenses seriousness of offense Sex Offense significant effect significant predictor Steffensmeier strike offenses Theft third strike offenders three strike offenders three strikes law total sentence types of offenses Variable b S.E. Vehicular Homicide Weapon White offenders