Personality in Greek Epic, Tragedy, and Philosophy: The Self in Dialogue
This is a major study of conceptions of selfhood and personality in Homer, Greek tragedy, and philosophy. The focus in on norms of personality in Greek psychology and ethics. The key thesis is that, to understand Greek thinking of this type, we need to counteract the subjective and individualistic aspects of our own thinking about the self. The book defines an 'objective-participant' conception of personality, symbolized by the idea of the person as an interlocutor in a series of types ofpsychological and ethical dialogue. The book is both an original contribution to the history of ideas of personality and the self and also offers sustained analysis and new interpretations of a number of important topics in Greek philosophy and literature. These topics include: Homeric decision-making; the problematic hero in Homer's Iliad and Greek tragedy; monologues of self-division in Greek poetry; the tripartite division of the soul and ethical education in Plato's Republic; Aristotle'sideas about 'being yourself' and meeting the claims of others; Greek philosophical thinking about what it means to be fully 'human' or 'divine'. The book is shaped as a response to recent work in the philosophy of mind, ethics, personhood, as well as in classical scholarship. Clear and non-technical, with all Greek translated, the book brings out the continuing importance of ancient Greek thinking for contemporary study of ideas of personality and selfhood.
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Posing the Questions
Making up Your Mind
Being a Hero
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Achilles action Adkins Agamemnon Ajax Ajax's akrasia altruism analysis approach argument Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle's beliefs character characterization Chrysippus claim conception of personality conflict context contrast deliberation desires dialectic dialogue discussed emotions Engberg-Pedersen Epicurean Epicurus ethical objectivism ethical theory ethics of reciprocity exemplary gesture expressed framework functions further Gill Greek philosophical Greek poetic Greek theories Greek thinking Hector's Homeric honour human idea ideal Iliad implied interpersonal interpretation involved Irwin Jason's Kant Kant's Kantian kind MacIntyre Medea mode modern monologue moral motivation normative objective objective-participant objectivist Odysseus one's participant passage Patroclus pattern personhood philia philo philosopher-rulers Plato's post-dialectical post-reflective pre-reflective presented presupposes problematic heroes psyche psycho-ethical question rational reason-ruled reciprocity reflective debate refs relationship relevant Republic response role second-order reasoning self-consciousness sense Snell speech stance Stoic subjective-individualist suggested taken Tecmessa text to nn thumos tragedy underlying understanding virtue virtuous Williams
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Ambitiosa Mors: Suicide and the Self in Roman Thought and Literature
No preview available - 2004