Pesticides: The Phaseout of Methyl Bromide in the U. S.

Front Cover
DIANE Publishing, 1996 - 41 pages
Provides information on the scientific evidence that emissions from human uses of methyl bromide are depleting the ozone layer; the availability of economical and effective alternatives to the pesticide's agricultural uses; the effects of banning the pesticide on U.S. trade in agricultural commodities; and the EPA's authority under the Clean Air Act to exempt essential uses from the phaseout. Charts, tables and graphs.

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Page 19 - Appendix V more fully discusses our scope and methodology. As arranged with your office, unless you publicly announce its contents earlier, we plan no further distribution of this report until 7 days after the date of this letter. At that
Page 37 - Food Imports Requiring Fumigation With Methyl Bromide or an Alternative Treatment as a Condition of Entry Into the United States Fresh fruits and vegetables
Page 22 - Food Imports Requiring Fumigation With Methyl Bromide or an Alternative Treatment as a Condition of Entry Into the United States
Page 5 - US regulation Production and importation were frozen at 1991 levels, effective January 1, 1994. No exemptions have been granted yet, but EPA has the authority to grant exemptions for use in medical devices and for export to developing countries.
Page 3 - have been used primarily as fire extinguishers in ships, planes, and military vehicles, as well as in computer facilities, telephone switching centers, and other places where materials would be damaged by the use of water or foam fire extinguishers. *The agreement technically froze member countries' "consumption" levels of methyl bromide, that is, the amounts produced plus the amounts imported minus the amounts exported.
Page 32 - can have high start-up costs, requires significant support services, and, in the long run, could take many years to become widely accepted and economical. Organic matter. Incorporates soil amendments, such as compost, green waste, straw, sawdust, and animal manure, into the soil to build soil health and control some soilborne
Page 32 - pest populations from reaching damaging levels through the use of chemical and/or nonchemical treatments and management practices, as appropriate. Requires strict monitoring of pest populations and knowledge of soil ecosystem/crop Table 11.2: Potential Alternatives for Methyl Bromide's Postharvest End Uses Descriptions of Potential Alternatives for Methyl Bromide's Postharvest End Uses
Page 3 - a widely used refrigerant and major ozone depleter that is being phased out under the Protocol and the Clean Air Act. On the basis of scientific assessments performed in December 1991 and updated in June 1992, UNEP calculated that methyl bromide has an OOP of 0.7, or 70 percent of
Page 12 - the agency balances risks and benefits, and if the benefits of using a pesticide outweigh the potential risks to people and the environment, then EPA may register or reregister the pesticide. The officials said that EPA is likely to reregister many of the chemical alternatives to methyl bromide after adopting appropriate risk mitigation measures, such as label changes. (App.
Page 6 - to 10 percent of the current observed stratospheric ozone loss. The modeling results further suggest that this amount could grow to about 17 percent by the year 2000 if emissions continue to increase at the present rate of 5 to 6 percent per year.

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