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Africa afterwards Alexander America ancient army ascended the throne Asia Minor Assyria Athens Austria battle beautiful became began to reign built C O N Caesar called Carthage CHAPTER Charlemagne Charles Christ Christian conquered CONTINU E D crown dead death died E U R O P E E U R O P E CONTINU E U R OPE edifices Egypt emperor empire England English Epaminondas Europe fought France French Gauls Germany Greece Greeks head Henry hundred Indians inhabitants invaded islands Italy killed king kingdom knights land lived Macedon Mediterranean Sea mountains murdered nations northern palace Persia Philip pope princes prisoner queen religion river Roman Rome ruins ruler Russia Saracens settled slaves soldiers Spain Sparta Spartans splendid story succeeded sword tell temple Thebes things thousand took place tribes Turkey Turks victory whole wild Xerxes
Page 188 - In 1077 Pope Gregory obliged Henry IV., emperor of Germany, to stand three days, in the depth of winter, barefooted at his castle gate, to implore his pardon. In...
Page 181 - The merchant ships of the Romans were of a size corresponding with the purposes for which they were intended. Before the discovery of the magnet, by which the mariner can now direct his course in safety over the pathless waves, navigation was necessarily confined to the coast. These coasting vessels were considered large if they reached the burden of fifty tons; 4.
Page 80 - The immense desert of Sahara, with all the adjacent regions, appears to be occupied by wandering tribes of Arabs, who move from place to place with their horses and camels, like the people of Arabia, for pasturage or plunder. 7. Africa may be considered as, on the •whole, the least civilized portion of the earth. The people are mostly Mahometans, and one half of them are nearly in a savage state. The rest are in a barbarous condition. 8. The central parts of Africa abound in wild animals, such...
Page 184 - The horses were yoked to the carriage by means of a curved cross-bar passing over their necks, and were directed by bridles and reins, which were sometimes of embroidered silk, with gold bits. 7. Besides mules and horses, many other animals were occasionally used in carriages, such as dogs, goats, and deer, and even bears, leopards, lions, and tigers. But this, of course, was merely for a whimsical amusement, and not fur real service.
Page 179 - The uniform of the generals was an open scarlet mantle. 6. The cavalry wore a coat of mail, of brazen or steel scales, or of chain-work, sometimes plated with gold. Under this they wore a close garment which reached to their buskins. They rode without stirrups, and their saddles were merely cloths folded to suit the convenience of the rider. The discipline of the army was maintained with great strictness and severity. 7. Rewards of various kinds were held out to those who distinguished themselves...
Page 75 - Europe, there is a constant improvement. Every year brings some new art, invention, or institution for the benefit of society. 11. But in Asia it is not so. Whoever is king, the people are but slaves. Education makes...
Page 224 - In return for these services the lord of the manor, or owner of the land, was expected to protect his people in time of war; and as the castle was usually large and strong, the people fled to it whenever an enemy appeared in sight.
Page 307 - His biographer has been able to identify a single phrase as our author's. He is speaking of George IV: 'Even when he was quite a young man, this King cared as much about dress as any young coxcomb. He had a great deal of taste in such matters, and it is a pity that he was a King, for he might otherwise have made an excellent tailor.
Page 242 - BONAPARTE. 1. IN 1802, Bonaparte was elected consul of the French Republic for life. Two years afterwards he was proclaimed emperor, by the name of Napoleon. He had now more power than any of the ancient kings. 2. I cannot follow this great captain in his marches all over Europe, nor even number the victories which he won. "Wherever he went, monarchs humbled themselves before G$ him. He drove them from their thrones, and placed his own brothers and chief officers there instead.