Petro-Aggression: When Oil Causes War
Oil is the world's single most important commodity and its political effects are pervasive. Jeff Colgan extends the idea of the resource curse into the realm of international relations, exploring how countries form their foreign policy preferences and intentions. Why are some but not all oil-exporting 'petrostates' aggressive? To answer this question, a theory of aggressive foreign policy preferences is developed and then tested, using both quantitative and qualitative methods. Petro-Aggression shows that oil creates incentives that increase a petrostate's aggression, but also incentives for the opposite. The net effect depends critically on its domestic politics, especially the preferences of its leader. Revolutionary leaders are especially significant. Using case studies including Iraq, Iran, Libya, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela, this book offers new insight into why oil politics has a central role in global peace and conflict.
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A theory of oil revolution and conﬂict
Questions arising from the theory
Case selection for qualitative studies
Libya and the Arab Jarnahiriyya
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aggressive foreign policy al-Bakr analysis Arab Baathists behavior beneﬁts billion Bolivarian Circles Bolivarian Revolution causal mechanisms Chapter Colombia constraints countries country’s dataset democracy difﬁcult domestic politics economic effect of oil Egypt embargo ﬁght ﬁghting ﬁnance ﬁnancial ﬁndings ﬁrst ﬁve focuses forces global government’s Hugo Chavez identiﬁed incentives increased inﬂuence initially instigate international conﬂict Iran Iran’s oil Iranian Iranian Revolution Iraq Iraq’s Iraqi Islamic Israel Khomeini King Kuwait leadership Libya major Middle East MIDs militarized interstate disputes military conﬂicts monarchy non-petrostates nuclear weapons ofﬁce ofﬁcial ofthe oil exports oil income oil industry oil production oil revenues Party PdVSA peace percent period petro-revolutionary petrostates President Chavez Qaddaﬁ Qods force relationship resource curse revolutionary government revolutionary leaders risk risk-tolerance role Saddam Hussein Saudi Arabia Shah Shah’s Shatt al-Arab Shi’a signiﬁcant signiﬁcantly speciﬁc state’s propensity theory ulema United University Press variable Venezuela