GRIN Verlag, 2009 - 36 pages
Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 2,0, Technical University of Braunschweig, language: English, abstract: Phatic Communication What does it mean when someone asks How are you? Usually the speaker expects to hear a response like I am fine, thank you. How are you?, if he is trying to make chit-chat. It is assumed that all people are able to seize a distinction between chit-chat and the attempt to conduct a genuine conversation. To make it easier to understand I will start with two conversations which I am going to analyze: (1)Groundhog Day ML: I hope you enjoy the festivities. PC: Oh Im sure Im going to (pulls face). ML: Theres theres talk of a blizzard. PC: Well, we may catch a break and that blizzards gonna blow right by us. All of this moisture coming up outta the south by midday is probably gonna push on to the east of us and at high altitudes its gonna crystallise and give us what we call snow. (winks) Probably be some accumulation. But here in Punxsutawney our highs gonna get up to about 30 today, teens tonight, chance of precipitation about 20 per cent today 20 per cent tomorrow. Did you wanna talk about the weather or were you just making chit-chat? ML: (shrugs and shakes head) Chit-chat. PC: OK. Right. See you later. Bbye. ML: Oh em eh will you be checking out today Mr. Connors? PC: Chance of departure today one hundred per cent. Obviously MC just wanted to make chit-chat what means that Connors detailed answer was inappropriate. Since he is doing this intentionally he could have reasons for his behaviour (e.g. he does not like chit-chat; he does not like MC). The next example is a conversation between two real estate salesmen: (2)Glengarry Glen Ross RR: How are you GA: Fine (, ) you mean on the board (, ) you mean you mean you mean on the board RR: I (, ) yes (, ) the board GA: I'm fucked on the board Speakers: RR = Ricky Roma; GA = George Aaronow. Contextual as"
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Aaronow able to infer addressee aim of Phatic akademische Texte Bytyci Phatic Communication chit-chat closed the door Connorīs context contextual background Conversational Storytelling convey information crucial element Degrees of Phaticness depends door is closed explicit meaning face threats fact genuine conversation gonna GRIN Verlag hearer Implicated Conclusion Implicated Premise implicatures informative intention intends to convey intentionally interlocutor Bickmore/Cassell interlocutors try interpret an utterance interpretations are phatic intuition linguistic expression linguistic meaning main aim Malinowski manifest a set mean you mean Mergim Bytyci Phatic Mutual Cognitive Environment mutually manifest non-phatic ostensive communication ostensive stimulus Ostensive-Inferential Communication Phatic Communication GRIN processing effort proposition Relevance Theory Roma salesmen Sandy seems more phatic set of assumptions Shared Cognitive Environment Small Talk socialise speaker intends speaker’s communicative intention Sperber Sperber/Wilson 1995 story Taken from Zegarac/Clark Thereīs utterance as phatic utterance makes manifest want some coffee Z/C believe Zegarac and Clark Zegarac/Clark 1999