Based on the conviction that only translators who write poetry themselves can properly re-create the celebrated and timeless tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, the Greek Tragedy in New Translations series offers new translations that go beyond the literal meaning of the Greek in order to evoke the poetry of the originals. Under the general editorship of Peter Burian and Alan Shapiro, each volume includes a critical introduction, commentary on the text, full stage directions, and a glossary of the mythical and geographical references in the play. En route to fight the Trojan War, the Greek army has abandoned Philoctetes, after the smell of his festering wound, mysteriously received from a snakebite at a shrine on a small island off Lemnos, makes it unbearable to keep him on ship. Ten years later, an oracle makes it clear that the war cannot be won without the assistance of Philoctetes and his famous bow, inherited from Hercules himself. Philoctetes focuses on the attempt of Neoptolemus and the hero Odysseus to persuade the bowman to sail with them to Troy. First, though, they must assuage his bitterness over having been abandoned, and then win his trust. But how should they do this--through trickery, or with the truth? To what extent do the ends justify the means? To what degree should personal integrity be compromised for the sake of public duty? These are among the questions that Sophocles puts forward in this, one of his most morally complex and penetrating plays.
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On the Translation
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Achaians actor Aeschylus Agamemnon agony Ajax antistrophe Apollo archer Argives arms of Achilles arrives at Troy arrow Asklepios Athena Athenian Atreidai Atreus bow of Herakles bring Catalogue of Ships cave chorus philoctetes chorus Chryse ctetes cult dead death Diomedes disease disguise divine embassy Epic Cycle Euripides evil expedition against Troy fate father force goddess gods Greek army Greek expedition Hades hate Helenos Hephaistos Herakles Hermes Homeric Iliad intimacy island Laertes Laomedon leave Lemnian Lemnos living Lykomedes lyric Malis Menelaos neoptolemos odysseus neoptolemos neoptolemos philoctetes neoptolemos never noble numbers Odysseus and Neoptolemos odysseus neoptolemos odysseus odysseus philoctetes odysseus Oita pain Patroklos persuade Philo philoctetes chorus philoctetes philoctetes neoptolemos philoctetes philoctetes odysseus philoctetes Phoinix plot Poias Priam ptolemos pyre Pyrrhos sail sailors ship Sisyphos Skyros sons of Atreus Sophocles speak Stranger strophe suffering tell there’s Thessaly things tragedy translation Trojan warriors what’s words wound Zeus