## Philosophers at War: The Quarrel Between Newton and LeibnizProbably the most celebrated controversy in all of the history of science was that between Newton and Leibniz over the invention of the calculus. The argument ranged far beyond a mere priority dispute and took on the character of a war between two different philosophies of nature. Newton was the first to devise the methods of the calculus, but Leibniz (who independently discovered virtually identical methods) was the first to publish, in 1684. Mutual toleration passed into suspicion and, at last, denunciation of each by the other as a fraud and a plagiarist. The affair became a scandal, as British mathematicians asserted Newton's claims before the public while their Continental colleagues hotly defended Leibniz's priority. Professor Hall analyzes the situation out of which the dispute arose, the circumstances that caused it to become embittered, the dispositions of the chief actors, and the shifts in their opinions of each other. |

### What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

### Contents

Introduction | 1 |

Beginnings in Cambridge | 10 |

Newton states his claim 1685 | 24 |

Leibniz encounters Newton 16721676 | 44 |

The emergence of the calculus 16771699 | 70 |

The outbreak 16931700 | 110 |

Open warfare 17001710 | 129 |

The philosophical debate | 146 |

### Other editions - View all

Philosophers at War: The Quarrel between Newton and Leibniz Alfred Rupert Hall No preview available - 1980 |

### Common terms and phrases

Acta Algebra already analysis appear areas believed Bernoulli calculus called Cambridge cause certainly circle claim Collins Commercium Epistolicum concerned Correspondence course criticism curves dated differential discovery early edition England English equations Eruditorum evidence example explain expressed fact Fatio firſt fluxions force French friends further geometry given Gregory hand Huygens ideas infinite infinitesimal integration interest Italy Johann John Keill knew known later learned least Leib Leibniz less letter lines London Math mathematical mathematician matter means mechanical method method of fluxions mind motion nature never Newton Newtonian Oldenburg original Paris perhaps Philosophical physical Principia printed problem proved published quadrature quantities reason received relation Royal Society seems sent taken tangents things thought tion true universal Wallis Whiteside whole writing written wrote