Philosophical Papers, Page 4

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Springer Science & Business Media, Jan 31, 1977 - History - 190 pages
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Friedrich Waismann was born in Vienna in 1896 and lived there until the time of the Anschluss in 1938. From then until his death in 1959 he lived in England; this, apart from a brief period at Cambridge early on, was almost wholly at Oxford, \,Vhere he held the posts, first, or reader in the philosophy of mathematics and then of reader in the philosophy of science. He was of Jewish descent -his father being Russian, his mother German. He studied mathematics and physics at the University of Vienna and attended the lec­ tures of Hahn. Beginning his career as a teacher of mathematics he soon be­ came an unofficial assistant to Moritz Schlick. It was Schlick's concern to see that the new philosophical ideas developed by Wittgenstein from the time of his return to philosophy in the later 1920s were made public that de­ termined the subsequent shape of Waismann's activities. Until the out­ break of the war in 1939 his main task was the preparation of a book in which Wittgenstein's thought was to be systematically expounded. Be­ tween 1927 and 1935 this project was carried on in close personal conjunc­ tion with Wittgenstein. A first version of the planned book, Logik. Sprache. Philosophie seems to have been completed by 1931. A very differ­ ent version came to England with Waismann in 1938. It finally appeared, in an English translation, as Principles of Linguistic Philosophy.
 

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Contents

THE NATURE OF THE AXIOM OF REDUCIBILITY
1
A LOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE CONCEPT OF PROBABILITY
4
THE CONCEPT OF IDENTITY
22
MORITZ SCHLICKS SIGNIFICANCE FOR PHILOSOPHY
30
HYPOTHESES
38
IS LOGIC A DEDUCTIVE THEORY?
60
THE RELEVANCE OF PSYCHOLOGY TO LOGIC
68
WHAT IS LOGICAL ANALYSIS?
81
A NOTE ON EXISTENCE
122
A REMARK ON EXPERIENCE
136
THE LINGUISTIC TECHNIQUE
150
BELIEF AND KNOWLEDGE
166
TWO ACCOUNTS OF KNOWING
179
BIBLIOGRAPHY OF WORKS BY FRIEDRICH WAISMANN
186
INDEX OF NAMES
189
Copyright

FICTION
104

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About the author (1977)

Brian McGuinness is now Professor of the History of Philosophy at Siena. Past publications include the translation of Wittgenstein's "Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus" (with David Pears) and "A Life of Wittegenstein" (Volume 1, "Young Ludwig," 1988). George Henrik von Wright was a pupil and friend of Wittgenstein and succeeded him as Professor of Philosophy at Cambridge. He has since been President of the National Academy in his native Finland. He is one of the trustees to the Wittgenstein estate, and responsible for many of the posthumous publications of Wittgensteins writings.

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