Philosophy of Economy: The World as Household
The writings of Sergei Bulgakov (1871–1944), like those of other major social thinkers of Russia’s Silver Age, were obliterated from public consciousness under Soviet rule. Discovered again after eighty years of silence, Bulgakov’s work speaks with remarkable directness to the postmodern listener. This outstanding translation of Philosophy of Economy brings to English-language speakers for the first time a major work of social theory written by a critical figure in the Russian tradition of liberal thought.
What is unique about Bulgakov, Catherine Evtuhov explains in her introduction to this book, is that he bridges two worlds. His social thought is firmly based in the Western tradition, yet some of his ideas reflect a specifically Russian way of thinking about society. Though arguing strenuously in favor of political and social liberty, Bulgakov repudiates the individualistic basis of Western liberalism in favor of a conception of human dignity that is compatible with collectivity. His economic theory stresses the spiritual content of life in the world and imagines national life as a kind of giant household. Bulgakov’s work, with its singularly postmodern balance between Western and non-Western, offers fascinating implications for those in the process of reevaluating ideologies in post-Soviet Russia and in America as well.
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CHAPTER 1 The Problem of the Philosophy of Economy
CHAPTER 2 The NaturalPhilosophical Bases of the Theory of Economy
CHAPTER 3 The Significance of the Basic Economic Functions
CHAPTER 4 On the Transcendental Subject of Economy
CHAPTER 5 The Nature of Science
CHAPTER 6 Economy as a Synthesis of Freedom and Necessity
CHAPTER 7 The Limits of Social Determinism
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absolute abstract action aﬃrms becomes causality cognition concept concrete consciousness contemporary created creation creative critical death deﬁned deﬁnition diﬀerent divine dogmatic economic activity economic materialism economic process eﬀort empirical entirely epistemological essence everything exists experience expression external fact Fichte Fichte’s ﬁeld ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬂesh forces freedom and necessity God’s Hegel Hermann Cohen human idea ideal identity individual inﬁnite inﬂuence Kant Kant’s knowledge labor laws limit living logical man’s Marxism means mechanism merely metaphysical natura naturans nature nature’s neo-Kantianism nomic non-I organism orientation particular phenomena philosophy of economy political economy positivism possible pragmatism precisely primordial principle priori problem pure question rationalism reality reason reﬂection relation Russian Schelling Schelling’s scientiﬁc self-consciousness sense Sergei Bulgakov signiﬁcance Slavophiles social science sociological Sophia spirit struggle subject and object subjective idealism teleology theoretical theory things thought tion Transcendental Idealism transcendental subject truth unity universal Vladimir Soloviev Werke