Phrase Structure and Grammatical Relations in Tagalog
Center for the Study of Language (CSLI), Jul 30, 1993 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 240 pages
Over the last twenty years or so, most of the work on the syntax of Philippine languages has been focused on the question of whether or not these languages can be said to have grammatical subjects, and if so which argument of a basic transitive clause should be analysed as being the subject. Paul Kroeger's contribution to this debate asserts that grammatical relations such as subject and object are syntactic notions, and must be identified on the basis of syntactic properties, rather than by semantic roles or discourse functions. A large number of syntactic processes in Tagalog uniquely select the argument which bears the nominative case. On the other hand, the data which have been used in the debate to assert the ambiguity of subjecthood are best analysed in terms of semantic rather than syntactic constraints. Together these facts support an analysis that takes the nominative argument as the subject. Kroeger examines the history of the subjecthood debate and uses data from Tagalog to test the theories that have been put forth. His conclusions entail consequences for certain linguistic concepts and theories, and lead Kroeger to assert that grammatical relations are not defined in terms of surface phrase structure configurations, contrary to the assumptions of many approaches to syntax including the Government-Binding theory. Paul Kroeger is presently doing fieldwork in Austronesian languages and teaching linguistics to fieldworkers from around the world.
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Some essential aspects of Tagalog morphology
Pragmatic Topic and Focus
A typology of controllee choice
Word order patterns
Problems for a configurational analysis
Modal verbs and Clause Reduction
The Clause Reduction construction
Clause Reduction as argument structure composition
Other editions - View all
Actor Actor phrase Adjunct Fronting adverbial agent analysis anaphoric antecedent appear argument structure assume ay-Inversion biclausal c-command causative coercion Cebuano Clause Reduction Clefting clitic placement clitic pronouns COMP complement clause complement verb Conjunction Reduction constituent contrast controllee coreference Dapat dative Dyirbal element embedded clause embedded verb Equi constructions Equi predicates fact following examples functional GEN=Juan GEN=Maria GEN=money grammatical relations grammatical subject Guilfoyle Gusto Hindi INFL interpreted involve Juan l.SG.GEN l.SG.NOM lexical lexical category Linda linker Maria matrix verb maximal projection modal monoclausal ng=Nanay ng=pera ni=Juan ni=Linda ni=Pedro niya NOM=Maria=COMP NOM=money nominative argument non-configurational language non-finite non-nominative non-subject non-volitive mood normal NP's oblique paluin patient pattern Pedro Philippine languages phrase structure possible pragmatic focus precede pronominal proposed Raising reflexive relative clause Schachter and Otanes sentence si=Maria=ng siya siya=ng SPEC subjecthood syntactic Tagalog topic ungrammatical voice marking volitive mood X-bar theory