Physical Modalities: A Primer for Chiropractic Students
Physical Modalities is the only therapeutic modality text that focuses on procedures common in the practice of chiropractic. Dr. Paul Hooper presents theoretical as well as practical information including case studies for each modality. This innovative chiropractic text covers: heat and cold therapy, therapeutic ultrasound, electrical stimulation, microamperage stimulation, and traction, splint and braces. This practice-oriented resource also includes helpful appendices on pain measurement tools and motor point charts. Physical Modalities is ideal for chiropractic students and practitioners alike.
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Dysfunction in the Locomotor System
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active electrode acupuncture points acute alternating current ankle application of electrical application techniques body cell cervical spine cervical traction chiropractic chronic clinical clinician Contraindications current intensity decrease Describe direct current disc edema electrical current electrical stimulation devices electrode electrode placement electromagnetic electromagnetic spectrum endorphin energy fibers FIGURE form of therapy forms of traction fractures frequency galvanic ice packs increase indications injury interferential current stimulators intervertebral disc involves iontophoresis joint ligament low back pain lower back lumbar spine manipulation mechanical modalities motor level stimulus muscle contraction muscle spasm myofascial trigger points nerve noxious level pain control pain relief parameters passive patient comfort phonophoresis placed position primary problems procedure produce pulse width range of motion reduce sacroiliac joint sensation sensory level shortwave diathermy skin spinal traction spray stretching subthreshold TENS units therapeutic ultrasound tion traction force treated Treatment Protocol usually vasodilation wave x-ray