Physical Principles of Medical Ultrasonics

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C. R. Hill, J. C. Bamber, G. R. ter Haar
John Wiley & Sons, Mar 12, 2004 - Medical - 528 pages
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The physical properties of ultrasound, particularly its highly directional beam behaviour, and its complex interactions with human tissues, have led to its becoming a vitally important tool in both investigative and interventional medicine, and one that still has much exciting potential.

This new edition of a well-received book treats the phenomenon of ultrasound in the context of medical and biological applications, systematically discussing fundamental physical principles and concepts. Rather than focusing on earlier treatments, based largely on the simplifications of geometrical acoustics, this book examines concepts of wave acoustics, introducing them in the very first chapter.

Practical implications of these concepts are explored, first the generation and nature of acoustic fields, and then their formal descriptions and measurement. Real tissues attenuate and scatter ultrasound in ways that have interesting relationships to their physical chemistry, and the book includes coverage of these topics.

Physical Principles of Medical Ultrasonics also includes critical accounts and discussions of the wide variety of diagnostic and investigative applications of ultrasound that are now becoming available in medicine and biology. The book also encompasses the biophysics of ultrasound, its practical applications to therapeutic and surgical objectives, and its implications in questions of hazards to both patient and operator.

 

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Contents

Basic Acoustic Theory
1
Generation and Structure of Acoustic Fields
41
Detection and Measurement of Acoustic Fields
69
Attenuation and Absorption
93
Speed of Sound
167
Reflection and Scattering
191
Physical Chemistry of the UltrasoundTissue Interaction
223
Ultrasonic Images and the Eye of the Observer
237
Methodology for Imaging TimeDependent Phenomena
303
The Wider Context of Sonography
337
Ultrasonic Biophysics
349
Therapeutic and Surgical Applications
407
Assessment of Possible Hazard in Use
457
Historical Perspectives
487
Index
497
Copyright

Methodology for Clinical Investigation
255

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