Physical Therapy of Cerebral Palsy
Springer Science & Business Media, May 26, 2007 - Medical - 416 pages
Cerebral palsy is a lifelong condition that affects the individual, family, and immediate community. Therefore, the goal of allowing the individual with cerebral palsy to live life with the least impact of the disability requires c- plex attention to the individual and the family. Furthermore, society needs to be sensitive and to accommodate individuals with disabilities by limiting architectural impediments and providing accessible public transportation and communication. The educational system provides the key means for helping the individual prepare to function in society to his or her maximum ability. In many ways, the medical care system probably has the least sign- icant role in preparing the child with cerebral palsy to function optimally in society. However, the medical care system is the place where parents first learn that their child has developmental issues outside the expected norm. It is almost universally the place where parents also expect the child to be made normal in our modern society. In earlier times, the parents would expect healing to possibly come from the doctor, but also they would place hope for healing in religion. As this belief in spiritual or miraculous healing has - creased, a significant font of hope has decreased for parents of young ch- dren with disabilities.
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abduction ability activities adductor adolescents ambulation ankle athetosis attractor Botox botulinum toxin cause cerebral palsy chil children with CP clinical cognitive contraction crouched gait crutches decreased develop devices diplegia dorsiflexion dystonia evaluation extensor families femoral Figure flex flexion contracture flexor gait analysis gait pattern gastrocnemius gastrocsoleus goal ground reaction hamstring hemiplegia hip flexion hip flexor hippotherapy hypotonia impairments improved increased individuals internal rotation intrathecal baclofen joint kinematic knee extension knee flexion kyphosis lengthening limb measure middle childhood midstance motor control movement muscle fiber neurologic normal options orthosis orthotic parents patients Pediatr pelvic physical therapy physician planovalgus plantar flexion position posterior problems pump quadriplegic range of motion rectus rhizotomy scoliosis segment sensory severe significant soleus specific spinal splint stability stance phase stimulation surgery surgical swing phase tendon therapist tibialis toe walking treatment trunk upper extremity usually walker walking wheelchair wrist