Physical Agents: A Comprehensive Text for Physical Therapists
Bernadette Hecox, Tsega Andemicael Mehreteab, Joseph Weisberg
Appleton & Lange, 1994 - Physical therapy - 473 pages
This guide provides information on the physical agents currently used in physical therapy practice. Designed to prepare students, guide instructors, and serve as a reference book for clinicians, this book contains background information pertinent to all physical agents.
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Clinical Effects of Thermal Modalities
Superficial Heat Modalities
15 other sections not shown
action potential activity acupuncture points amplitude applied Arch Phys axons biofeedback blood flow body capillary cause cells changes Chapter circuit clinical conduction velocity contraindications cooling decrease deep heat diathermy direct current distal dosage duration edema effects electrical stimulation electrode Electromyograph Electrotherapy energy example exercise extremely fluid frequency healing heat modalities hot pack hydrotherapy immersion increase infrared intensity iontophoresis joint Joseph Weisberg laser latency layer membrane metabolic milliseconds minutes modalities motor unit muscle fibers nerve conduction nerve conduction velocity normal occur pain paraffin patient peripheral nerve Phys Med Rehabil Phys Ther physical agents physical therapy physiological position pressure procedures produce proximal pulse radiation reactions reduce response sensory shortwave spasticity studies substance superficial heat surface sweat tank technique tendon therapeutic therapist thermal modalities tion tissue temperature towels traction treated treatment ultrasound ultraviolet vascular venous voltage W/sq cm wave waveform