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Africa Alps Arctic Arctic Ocean Asia Atlantic atmosphere basin belt blow called Caucasian race cause centre chart climate clouds coast cold condensed continent coral counter trades depth desert direction distance Distribution drainage earth earthquake east Effect elevation equator Equatorial Current Europe extends feet high forms Geysers glacier globe Grand Banks Gulf of Mexico Gulf Stream heat height hemisphere Hence Highland Himalayas Indian Ocean Insular Belt islands isotherms lakes land latitude lava magnetic Malay race mass miles Mississippi moisture monsoons motion mountains nearly north and south northern occur Pacific Pacific Ocean passes Physical Geography plants and animals plateau polar poles polyp portion race rain rainfall range reefs regions rivers rock salt season shores slopes snow South America southern square miles storms surface temperature tidal-wave tides tion TOPICAL ANALYSIS torrid tropics valleys vapor velocity volcanoes warm Water Hemisphere wave zone
Page 67 - Now, if bits of cork or chaff, or any floating substance, be put into a basin, and a circular motion be given to the water, all the light substances will be found crowding together near the centre of the pool, where there is the least motion. Just such a basin is the Atlantic Ocean to the Gulf Stream, and the Sargasso Sea is the centre of the whirl.
Page 67 - Accordingly, the most terrific that rage on the ocean have been known to spend their fury within or near its borders. Our nautical works tell us of a storm which forced this stream back to its sources, and piled up the water in the Gulf to the height of thirty feet. The Ledbury Snow attempted to ride it out. When it abated, she found herself high up on the dry land, and discovered that she had let go her anchor among the tree-tops on Elliott's Key.
Page 43 - U the tube on the negative side first filled with gas :' gases combine in the proportion of two volumes of hydrogen to one of oxygen.
Page 78 - ... vapour, to heat and cold, and to the secreting " powers of the insects of the sea, we shall find just such sources of ever" lasting changes and just such constantly acting forces as are required to " keep up and sustain, not only the Gulf-stream, but the endless round of " currents in the sea, which run from the equator to the poles, and from " the poles back to the equator; and these forces are derived from differ" ence in specific gravity between the flowing and reflowing water.
Page 16 - Vesuvius has sent its ashes as far as Constantinople, Syria, and Egypt ; it hurled stones, eight pounds in weight, to Pompeii, a distance of six miles, while similar masses were tossed up two thousand feet above its summit.
Page 14 - ... and which, under the action of their mineral waters, are rapidly becoming petrified ; whilst in the conflict betwixt desolation and verdure, which, owing to the frequent variation of the centres of action, is constantly in progress, the lowly bunch-grass steals ground wherever it dare draw a blade. Of all the geysers whose eruptions we witnessed, the Grand was, I think, the most interesting. It played each evening at a regular hour. We were thus enabled to get comfortably into front seats, focus...
Page 61 - Its main section enters the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, from which it issues through the Straits of Florida as the well-known Gulf Stream.
Page 33 - ... have been piled up. . The point which we have reached after some hours of laborious climbing seemed the very summit of a mountain when we stood in the valley far below. And yet we now find a vast sweep of much higher ground all around. Peak rises behind peak, crest above crest, with infinite variety of outline, and with a wild grandeur which often suggests the tossing and foaming breakers of a stormy ocean.
Page 67 - ... on Elliott's Key. The Florida Keys were inundated many feet, and, it is said, the scene presented in the Gulf Stream was never surpassed in awful sublimity on the ocean. The water thus dammed up is said to have rushed out with wonderful velocity against the fury of the gale, producing a sea that beggared description. The "great hurricane" of 1780 commenced at Barbadoes.
Page 121 - We think that no unprejudiced spectator of real taste can hesitate for a moment in preferring the head of the Antinous, for example, to that of the Apollo. And in general it may be laid down as a rule, that the most perfect of the antiques are. the most...