Physics of the Plasma Universe

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Springer, Sep 11, 2014 - Science - 406 pages

Today many scientists recognize plasma as the key element to understanding new observations in near-Earth, interplanetary, interstellar, and intergalactic space; in stars, galaxies, and clusters of galaxies, and throughout the observable universe. Physics of the Plasma Universe, 2nd Edition is an update of observations made across the entire cosmic electromagnetic spectrum over the two decades since the publication of the first edition. It addresses paradigm changing discoveries made by telescopes, planetary probes, satellites, and radio and space telescopes. The contents are the result of the author's 37 years research at Livermore and Los Alamos National Laboratories, and the U.S. Department of Energy.

This book covers topics such as the large-scale structure and the filamentary universe; the formation of magnetic fields and galaxies, active galactic nuclei and quasars, the origin and abundance of light elements, star formation and the evolution of solar systems, and cosmic rays. Chapters 8 and 9 are based on the research of Professor Gerrit Verschuur, and reinvestigation of the manifestation of interstellar neutral hydrogen filaments from radio astronomical observations are given. Using data from the Green Bank 100-m telescope (GBT) of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), detailed information is presented for a non-cosmological origin for the cosmic microwave background quadruple moment.

This volume is aimed at graduate students and researchers active in the areas of cosmic plasmas and space science.

The supercomputer and experimental work was carried out within university, National laboratory, Department of Energy, and supporting NASA facilities.

 

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Contents

1 Cosmic Plasma Fundamentals
1
2 Birkeland Currents in Cosmic Plasma
41
3 BiotSavart Law in Cosmic Plasma
93
4 Electric Fields in Cosmic Plasma
139
5 Double Layers in Astrophysics
175
6 Synchrotron Radiation
205
7 Transport of Cosmic Radiation
259
8 Critical Ionization Effect in Interstellar Clouds
289
11 Further Developments in Plasma Simulation
331
12 Dynamics of FieldAligned Currents in the Laboratory Aurorae and Galactic Space
341
13 Plasma Astrophysics
361
Erratum to
372
A Transmission Lines
374
B Polarization of Electromagnetic Waves in Plasma
384
C Dusty and Grain Plasmas
391
D Some Useful Units and Constants
396

9 Neutral Hydrogen Filaments and Dynamicsof Galactic Bennett Pinches
299
10 ParticleinCell Simulation of Cosmic Plasma
311

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About the author (2014)

Anthony L. Peratt received his PhD in Electrical Engineering from the University of Southern California, Los Angeles (1971) and his MSEE in 1967 from USC as well. Dr. Peratt is a thirty-year technical and administrative staff member of the University of California, was a part of the technical staff of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (1972-1979), a guest physicist at the Max Planck Institut fr Plasmaphysik, Garching, Germany (1975–1977), as well as guest scientist at the Alfvn Laboratory, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden (1985). Since 1981, Dr. Peratt has worked at the Los Alamos National Laboratory and was the Scientific Advisor to the United States Department of Energy (1995–1999) where he served a term as Acting Director, National Security, Nuclear Nonproliferation Directorate. Peratt’s research interests have included numerical and experimental contributions to high-energy density plasmas and intense particle beams, explosively-driven pulsed power generators, lasers, intense-power-microwave sources, particles, high energy density phenomena, Z-pinches, and inertially driven fusion target designs.–1989 and the Guest Editor Transactions on Plasma Science, special issues on Space Plasmas 1986, 89, 90, 92, 2000, 2003, among many rolls he has had. He is a senior member the American Physical Society, American Astronomical Society, Eta Kappa Nu and has earned the United States Department of Energy Distinguished Performance Award in both 1987 and 1999. Dr. Peratt is the author/editor of the following Springer books: Physics of the Plasma Universe (1992); Plasma Astrophysics and Cosmology (1995); and Advanced Topics in Space and Astrophysical Plasmas (1997). Anthony Peratt is a Life Fellow of the IEEE, Senior Editor of the IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, and Research Scholar, Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

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