Phyto: Principles and Resources for Site Remediation and Landscape Design

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Routledge, May 1, 2015 - Architecture - 378 pages
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Winner of the 2017 CBHL Literature Award of Excellence in Landscape Design and Architecture

Phyto presents the concepts of phytoremediation and phytotechnology in one comprehensive guide, illustrating when plants can be considered for the uptake, removal or mitigation of on-site pollutants. Current scientific case studies are covered, highlighting the advantages and limitations of plant-based cleanup. Typical contaminant groups found in the built environment are explained, and plant lists for mitigation of specific contaminants are included where applicable.

This is the first book to address the benefits of phytotechnologies from a design point of view, taking complex scientific terms and translating the research into an easy-to-understand reference book for those involved in creating planting solutions. Typically, phytotechnology planting techniques are currently employed post-site contamination to help clean up already contaminated soil by taking advantage of the positive effects that plants can have upon harmful toxins and chemicals. This book presents a new concept to create projective planting designs with preventative phytotechnology abilities, ‘phytobuffering’ where future pollution may be expected for particular site programs.

Filled with tables, photographs and detailed drawings, Kennen and Kirkwood's text guides the reader through the process of selecting plants for their aesthetic and environmental qualities, combined with their contaminant-removal benefits.


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Foreword by Steven Rock
Contaminant classifications and plant selection
Extraction Plots Extracts contaminants for harvest
Phytotypologies phytotechnology planting types
Site programs and land
Additional resources
Afterword by Dr Lee Newman and Dr Jason White

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About the author (2015)

Kate Kennen is a landscape architect, and the founder and president of Offshoots, Inc., a Boston, Massachusetts landscape design practice focused on productive planting techniques and phytotechnology consulting. Offshoots has won numerous awards for projects integrating plantings to clean up polluted sites. Having spent her childhood at her family’s garden centre in central Massachusetts, Kate is well versed in the plants of the Northeast. She completed her undergraduate studies in Landscape Architecture at Cornell University, and received her master’s degree in Landscape Architecture with distinction from the Harvard Graduate School of Design. Kate is also a Visiting Lecturer in Landscape Architecture at the Harvard University Graduate School of Design. Previous to opening Offshoots, Kennen worked as an Associate at Design Workshop in Aspen, Colorado.

Niall Kirkwood is a landscape architect, technologist and Professor at the Harvard University Graduate School of Design, where he has taught since 1992. He teaches, carries out research and publishes on a range of topics related to landscape architectural design, the built environment and the sustainable reuse of land including urban regeneration, landfill reuse, environmental site technologies and international site development. His publications include Manufactured Sites: Rethinking the Post-Industrial Landscape (Routledge), Principles of Brownfield Regeneration (Island Press) also published in Korean and Chinese translations, Weathering and Durability in Landscape Architecture (Wiley) and The Art of Landscape Detail (Wiley). Professor Kirkwood is a Fellow of the American Society of Landscape Architects and in addition is the Gerard O'Hare Visiting Professor, University of Ulster, Belfast, Northern Ireland, Distinguished Visiting Professor, Korea University, Seoul and Visiting Professor, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.

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