Phytoremediation: Methods and Reviews

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Neil Willey
Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 1, 2006 - Technology & Engineering - 478 pages
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Phytoremediation: Methods and Reviews presents the most innovative recent methodological developments in phytoremediation research, and outlines a variety of the contexts in which phytoremediation has begun to be applied. A significant portion of this volume is devoted to groundbreaking methods for the production of plants that are able to degrade, take up, or tolerate the effects of pollutants. Phytoremediation: Methods and Reviews adopts a multidisciplinary approach to the examination of principles and practices of phytoremediation, from molecular manipulation to field application. Parts I and II discuss detailed protocols for achieving several different goals of phytoremediation, including enhancing contaminant degradation, uptake, and tolerance by plants; exploiting plant diversity for phytoremedation; modifying contaminant availability; and experimentally analyzing phytoremediation potential. Parts III and IV examine a variety of progressive techniques for phytoremediation and explore their implementation and success on a global scale. This cutting-edge volume highlights the myriad of contexts in which phytoremediation can be applied, and energizes new research by describing ways in which barriers to success have been recently overcome.
 

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Contents

Genetic Engineering of Plants for Phytoremediation of Polychlorinated Biphenyls
3
Increasing Plant Tolerance to Metals in the Environment
15
Using Quantitative Trait Loci Analysis to Select Plants for Altered Radionuclide Accumulation
27
Detoxification of Soil Phenolic Pollutants by Plant Secretory Enzyme
49
Using RealTime Polymerase Chain Reaction to Quantify Gene Expression in Plants Exposed to Radioactivity
59
Plant Phylogeny and the Remediation of Persistent Organic Pollutants
71
Producing Mycorrhizal Inoculum for Phytoremediation
89
Implementing Phytoremediation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons
99
CURRENT RESEARCH TOPICS IN PHYTOREMEDIATION
220
Using Hydroponic Bioreactors to Assess Phytoremediation Potential of Perchlorate
221
Using Plant Phylogeny to Predict Detoxification of Triazine Herbicides
233
Exploiting Plant Metabolism for the Phytoremediation of Organic Xenobiotics
251
Searching for Genes Involved in Metal Tolerance Uptake and Transport
265
Manipulating Soil Metal Availability Using EDTA and LowMolecularWeight Organic Acids
291
Soils Contaminated With Radionuclides Some Insights for Phytoextraction of Inorganic Contaminants
305
Assessing Plants for Phytoremediation of ArsenicContaminated Soils
319

Uptake Assimilation and Novel Metabolism of Nitrogen Dioxide in Plants
109
MANIPULATING CONTAMINANT AVAILABILITY AND DEVELOPING RESEARCH TOOLS
119
Testing the Manipulation of Soil Availability of Metals
121
Testing Amendments for Increasing Soil Availability of Radionuclides
131
Using Electrodics to Aid Mobilization of Lead in Soil
139
Stable Isotope Methods for Estimating the Labile Metal Content of Soils
149
In Vitro Hairy Root Cultures as a Tool for Phytoremediation Research
161
Sectored Planters for Phytoremediation Studies
175
Phytoremediation With Living Aquatic Plants Development and Modeling of Experimental Observations
185
NearInfrared Reflectance Spectroscopy Methodology and Potential for Predicting Trace Elements in Plants
205
CONTEXTS AND UTILIZATION OF PHYTOREMEDIATION
348
Phytoremediation in China
351
Phytoremediation in China Organics
381
Phytoremediation of ArsenicContaminated Soil in China
393
Phytoremediation in Portugal Present and Future
405
Phytoremediation in Russia
423
Phytoremediation in India
435
Phytoremediation in New Zealand and Australia
455
Index
469
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