Pidgins and Creoles: An Introduction
Jacques Arends, Pieter Muysken, Norval Smith
John Benjamins Publishing, 1995 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 412 pages
This introduction to the linguistic study of pidgin and creole languages is clearly designed as an introductory course book. It does not demand a high level of previous linguistic knowledge. Part I: General Aspects and Part II: Theories of Genesis constitute the core for presentation and discussion in the classroom, while Part III: Sketches of Individual Languages (such as Eskimo Pidgin, Haitian, Saramaccan, Shaba Swahili, Fa d'Ambu, Papiamentu, Sranan, Berbice Dutch) and Part IV: Grammatical Features (such as TMA particles and auxiliaries, noun phrases, reflexives, serial verbs, fronting) can form the basis for further exploration. A concluding chapter draws together the different strands of argumentation, and the annotated list provides the background information on several hundred pidgins, creoles and mixed languages.
Diversity rather than unity is taken to be the central theme, and for the first time in an introduction to pidgins and creoles, the Atlantic creoles receive the attention they deserve. Pidgins are not treated as necessarily an intermediate step on the way to creoles, but as linguistic entities in their own right with their own characteristics. In addition to pidgins, mixed languages are treated in a separate chapter.
Research on pidgin and creole languages during the past decade has yielded an abundance of uncovered material and new insights. This introduction, written jointly by the creolists of the University of Amsterdam, could not have been written without recourse to this new material.
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000 speakers 18th century acrolect adjectives adverbial African languages aspect basilectal Berbice Berbice Dutch Bickerton Caribbean chapter Chinese Pidgin English clitic continuum copula Creole English creole languages Creole Portuguese Creoles and Pidgins creolists creolization d’Ambu deﬁned deﬁnite derived dialects elements Eskimo European example ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁsh Foreigner Talk function grammatical grammaticalization Greenlandic Guinea Haitian inﬂection Inuit island Jamaican Jamaican Creole jargon kurpa lexical items lexicon lexiﬁer language linguistic locative marker Media Lengua mixed languages morpheme morphology Muysken Ndjuka Negerhollands noun ofthe Paciﬁc Papiamento phonological pidgins and creoles plantation plural predicate cleft preﬁxes preposition preverbal pronoun Quechua reduplication reﬂect reﬂexives Romani Saramaccan second language semantic sentence serial verb constructions simpliﬁed slaves Spanish speciﬁc spoken hy Sranan structure substrate inﬂuence substrate languages Surinam syntactic tense theory TMA system Tok Pisin vowel West African word order