Pioneer Urbanites: A Social and Cultural History of Black San Francisco
The black migration to San Francisco and the Bay Area differed from the mass movement of Southern rural blacks and their families into the eastern industrial cities. Those who traveled West, or arrived by ship, were often independent, sophisticated, single men. Many were associated with the transportation boom following the Gold Rush; others traveled as employees of wealthy individuals.
Douglas Daniels argues for the importance of going beyond the written record and urban statistics in examining the life of a minority community. He has studied photographs from family albums and interviewed members of old black San Francisco families in his effort to provide the first nuanced picture of the lives of black San Franciscans from the 1860s to the 1940s.
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Afro Afro-Americans Afro-San Franciscans American Angeles Anglo-African Bancroft Library Barbary Coast Bay Area Beasley Berkeley Black pioneers Black population Black residents Black San Franciscans Black urban Census Chinese Chronicle Church citizens City Directory city dwellers city's civil clubs colored culture dance Delilah L discrimination East Bay Elevator entertainment ethnic foreign-born Frederick Douglass ghetto Gold Rush groups Ibid Interview Jack Johnson James Weldon Johnson John Johnson June labor lived M.A. thesis Manuscript Census metropolis migration Negro History Negro Trail Blazers newcomers nineteenth century opportunities organizations Pacific Appeal Pacific Coast Appeal Pacific slope Palace Hotel percent Peter Jackson photographs pioneer urbanites political race racial racism reported San Francisco Pacific San Francisco's Black Sept skills slavery social southern Street Towns tradition unions University of California W. E. B. Du Bois waiters Watkins West Oakland Western Outlook William World York