Planning Paradise: Politics and Visioning of Land Use in Oregon
University of Arizona Press, May 15, 2011 - Political Science - 287 pages
“Sprawl” is one of the ugliest words in the American political lexicon. Virtually no one wants America’s rural landscapes, farmland, and natural areas to be lost to bland, placeless malls, freeways, and subdivisions. Yet few of America’s fast-growing rural areas have effective rules to limit or contain sprawl.
Oregon is one of the nation’s most celebrated exceptions. In the early 1970s Oregon established the nation’s first and only comprehensive statewide system of land-use planning and largely succeeded in confining residential and commercial growth to urban areas while preserving the state’s rural farmland, forests, and natural areas. Despite repeated political attacks, the state’s planning system remained essentially politically unscathed for three decades. In the early- and mid-2000s, however, the Oregon public appeared disenchanted, voting repeatedly in favor of statewide ballot initiatives that undermined the ability of the state to regulate growth. One of America’s most celebrated “success stories” in the war against sprawl appeared to crumble, inspiring property rights activists in numerous other western states to launch copycat ballot initiatives against land-use regulation.
This is the first book to tell the story of Oregon’s unique land-use planning system from its rise in the early 1970s to its near-death experience in the first decade of the 2000s. Using participant observation and extensive original interviews with key figures on both sides of the state’s land use wars past and present, this book examines the question of how and why a planning system that was once the nation’s most visible and successful example of a comprehensive regulatory approach to preventing runaway sprawl nearly collapsed.
Planning Paradise is tough love for Oregon planning. While admiring much of what the state’s planning system has accomplished, Walker and Hurley believe that scholars, professionals, activists, and citizens engaged in the battle against sprawl would be well advised to think long and deeply about the lessons that the recent struggles of one of America’s most celebrated planning systems may hold for the future of land-use planning in Oregon and beyond.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
agricultural areas Ballot Measure Bear Creek Valley Bend Bulletin Big Look town Central Oregon chapter Conservation and Development created Creek Valley RPS Damascus decades Democrats Deschutes County described destination resorts DLCD Dorothy English economic environmental farm farmers farmland forest Friends of Oregon governor Hector Macpherson housing interview by Peter Land Conservation land use planning land use politics land use regulations landscapes Last accessed December LCDC legislation legislature Look town hall McCall Measure 37 claims Measure 49 Metolius Basin Metolius River ning ofthe Online Oregon’s planning system Oregon’s Statewide Planning Oregonians in Action participants percent Peter Walker planners planning advocates planning community political population Portland Metro Portland Oregonian protect regional Republican Senate Bill 100 Shetterly southern Oregon sprawl state’s planning system statewide planning system task force there’s tion Tom McCall town hall meetings urban growth boundary vision vote voters Willamette Valley zoning