Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers, Jan 1, 2008 - Medical - 145 pages
Recent major advances in the field of comparative genomics and cytogenomics of plants, particularly associated with the completion of ambitious genome projects, have uncovered astonishing facets of the architecture and evolutionary history of plant genomes. The aim of this book was to review these recent developments as well as their implications in our understanding of the mechanisms which drive plant diversity. New insights into the evolution of gene functions, gene families and genome size are presented, with particular emphasis on the evolutionary impact of polyploidization and transposable elements. Knowledge on the structure and evolution of plant sex chromosomes, centromeres and microRNAs is reviewed and updated. Taken together, the contributions by internationally recognized experts present a panoramic overview of the structural features and evolutionary dynamics of plant genomes.This volume of Genome Dynamics will provide researchers, teachers and students in the fields of biology and agronomy with a valuable source of current knowledge on plant genomes.
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Paleopolyploidy and its Impact on the Structure and Function of Modern Plant Genomes
Challenges and Opportunities
The Evolutionary Position of Subfunctionalization Downgraded
Grass Genome Structure and Evolution
Phylogenetic Insights Into the Pace and Pattern of Plant Genome Size Evolution
Plant Transposable Elements
Plant Sex Chromosomes
Acad Sci USA allelic analysis angiosperm genome angiosperms Arabidopsis and rice Arabidopsis thaliana Balanced Gene Drive Bennetzen JL CenH3 centromeric repeats chromatin clones conserved copy number divergence DNA sequence Drosophila duplicated genes encoding eukaryotes evolutionary expansin Foldback function gene content gene copies gene families gene fragments gene loss genome duplication genome evolution Genome Res genome sequence genome size genome size variation haplotype Helitrons heterochromatin histone homologous identified illegitimate recombination insertion intergenic regions Karger kinetochore lineages loci LTR-retrotransposons LTR-RTs LTRs maize maize genome markers mechanisms microRNAs miRNAs MITEs Mol Biol Evol molecular mutations Natl Acad Sci nucleotide orthologous Oryza paralogous Paterson AH phylogenetic Plant Cell plant genomes plant species polyploidy position-based phylogeny Proc Natl Acad protein recent repetitive sequences retroelements retrotransposons rice genome SanMiguel segmental duplications sex chromosomes silencing SINE siRNAs small RNAs sorghum studies Subfunctionalization synteny tetraploidy tion transcription factor transposable elements transposase transposition transposons Volff yeast