Plant Biology for Cultural Heritage: Biodeterioration and Conservation
Giulia Caneva, M. P. Nugari, O. Salvadori
Getty Conservation Institute, 2008 - Science - 408 pages
This publication brings together wide-ranging scientific contributions from the field of plant biology relating to the conservation of cultural heritage and offers fundamental knowledge as well as specific suggestions for practical applications.
Plant Biology for Cultural Heritage presents the work of dozens of scientists who have studied problems presented by the biological degradation of cultural heritage, tackling both general topics (mechanisms of biodeterioration; correlation between biodeterioration and environment; and destructive organisms) and specific ones (problems presented by different materials; various environmental and climatic conditions; and diverse geographic settings). The book also discusses solutions for the prevention and control of deterioration, including appropriate diagnostic techniques.
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Biodeterioration of Cultural Heritage
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able acid actinomycetes action activity algae algal alterations Archaea archaeological areas artifacts Aspergillus attack autotrophic bacteria biocide biodeteriogens biodeterioration biofilm biological bryophytes calcium Caneva capacity carbon caused cells cellulolytic cellulose Chapter characteristics chemical climate colonization color complex compounds conservation cultural heritage cyanobacteria damage degradation deterioration ecological effects endolithic environmental environments enzymes example exhibit factors favor fibers frequently frescoes fungal fungi gametophyte genera growth halophilic heterotrophic hyphae hypogean induced instance isms layer levels lichens light lignin limited linked ment metabolic metal microbial microclimate microflora microorganisms monuments mosses nature Nugari nutrients organic materials outdoor oxalic oxidation paintings parameters patinas Penicillium phenomena Photo G photosynthetic Pietrini pigments plants Plate pollutants present processes rainfall result rocks role ronments salts Salvadori soil species spores stains stone structure substances substrate surface temperature thallus tion treatment Urzi various vary vegetative wall wood