Plantation labour, unions, capital, and the state in Peninsular Malaysia
Tracing the political evolution of plantation labor in Malaysia from the colonial period to the present, this original study focuses on the formation and control of plantation labor, and the manner in which it resisted capital. The author discusses the emergence and demise of left-wing unions in the plantations and the nature of the colonial state's policy toward labor in the post-war period. He includes a detailed account of the events which led to the formation of the National Union of Plantation Workers, the emergence of alternative unions in the 1960s, and the fundamental neglect of plantation workers. By looking in detail at the role of the state and its relationship to the plantation social structure, the author concludes that the state is basically autonomous and that the capital formed in the plantations cannot be defined as merchant.
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The Formation of the Plantation System
Prewar Labour Relations in the Plantations
The Labour Struggle 19451948
6 other sections not shown
agreement AMRWC Angamuthu April Arkib Negara arrested Asahan Bahau Batu Arang branch Brazier British capital's capitalist cents Chinese labour CIAM colonial committee contract system contractors Council demand dismissed dispute district employers estate labourers estate workers European Federation Gamba GATCO indenture system Indian labour J. C. Jackson Johore Kajang kangani kangani system Kedah Klang Kota Tinggi Kuala Lumpur Kuala Selangor Labour Department labour force Labour Party Labour Union leaders leadership left-wing Malacca Malay Malaya Malayan Union Malaysia March ment MEWU MPIEA Narayanan negotiations Negri Sembilan NJILU non-MAPA estates NUPW NUPW's officials organized Pahang Parmer Perak plantation plantation labour plantation workers planters PMGLU police political problems production PWUM Raub recruitment role rubber estates rubber industry rubber price Rubber Workers Sabak Bernam scheme Secretary Selangor Seremban Singapore smallholdings social standard wage Stenson strikes Sungei tappers Thanabalan tion trade unions UMEWU unrest UPAM wage increases wage rates Workers Union