Plasmas in the universe: rediconti della Scuola Internatzionale di Fisica "Enrico Fermi", CXLII corso, Varena sul lago di Como, 1-16 Lugio 1999
Bruno Coppi, Attilio Ferrari, Elio Sindoni
Ios PressInc, 2000 - Science - 503 pages
This book illustrates new developments in the fields of space and solar physics, stellar physics, extragalactic physics and cosmology. It also elaborates upon the progress of laboratory plasma physics. One of the topics discussed is the existence of collective processes , both linear and non-linear, that can explain key elements of accretion physics, magnetic reconnection, the formation of 'strange' particle distributions, particle scattering phenomena, etc. Astrophysical plasma are dominated by turbulent or quasi-turbulent processes which interactively associate instabilities, radiation processes and plasma-wave scattering. The resulting scenario, which is outside thermodynamics and conventional statistical physics, is too difficult to describe theoretically, but today there are large-scale experiments and powerful computational tools allowing for the exploration of an almost similarly complex variety of phenomena. Several contributions to this book present indications of the influence of nonlinear phenomena in astrophysical applications. This will be one of the mainlines in the future of plasma astrophysics. This work marks the fast growth of plasma astrophysics thanks to wondrous new observations in the high energy band of the spectrum on the one hand and the possibility of validating and bringing to light relevant new theories by increasingly sophisticated machines on the other.
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Gruppo fotografico dei partecipanti al Corso fuori testo
B Coppi Intrinsically intermittent accretion anomalous transport of angu
B Melrose Scattering and acceleration of particles in astrophysics
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acceleration accretion disk active galactic nuclei afterglow Alfven waves angle Astron Astrophys astrophysical beam brightness collisionless component coronal holes corresponding cosmic rays current sheet density diffusion dissipation distribution dynamics edited effect electric field emission energy equation equilibrium evolution fast wind flow fluid flux frequency function galactic galaxies Geophys heliosphere instability interaction interstellar interstellar medium ionization ions Jeans instability jets kinetic latitude linear loop luminosity magnetic field lines magnetic reconnection magnetosphere mass maximum mode motion neutron star nonlinear observed optical oscillations panel parameters particles perturbations photon photospheric Phys Physics plasma polar poloidal power law propagation radiation radio radius ratio reconnection redshift region resonance ROSAT rotation RXTE scale scattering shear shock shows simulations solar wind solution sources spectral spectrum speed stellar magnetic fields streamer structure supernova surface synchrotron temperature theory thermal toroidal turbulence typical Ulysses velocity X-ray bursts