Police Practices and Civil Rights in New York City: A Report of the United States Commission on Civil Rights

Front Cover
Mary Frances Berry
DIANE Publishing, 2000 - 198 pages
On May 26, 1999, the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights conducted a hearing in New York City to examine current police practices & their impact on civil rights in the community at large. The Commission had a strong interest in studying the methods used by the city to balance crime fighting with the exercise of appropriate restraint, particularly following the highly publicized tragedies involving Abner Louima & Amadou Diallo. This report is intended to offer insights into some of the tensions that exist between the New York Police Dept. & the communities that it serves. Chapters: recruitment, selection, & training; police-community relations; & civilian complaints.
 

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the 61st precinct failed to protect me and threw me in the streets yesterday. my name is stuart sagevick.
they over respond to someone saving a cat on avenue u and east 28th street. they will not hear the end of this.
911 is a joke here and they are failing to protect the community

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Page 88 - At traffic checkpoints the motorist can see that other vehicles are being stopped, he can see visible signs of the officers' authority, and he is much less likely to be frightened or annoyed by the intrusion.
Page 23 - ... submission to or rejection of such conduct by an individual is used as the basis for employment decisions affecting...
Page 88 - Executives, our cases establish that where a Fourth Amendment intrusion serves special governmental needs, beyond the normal need for law enforcement, it is necessary to balance the individual's privacy expectations against the Government's interests to determine whether it is impractical to require a warrant or some level of individualized suspicion in the particular context.
Page 86 - The police officer is not entitled to seize and search every person whom he sees on the street or of whom he makes inquiries. Before he places a hand on the person of a citizen in search of anything, he must have constitutionally adequate reasonable grounds for doing so.
Page 196 - ... except as to the matters therein stated to be alleged upon information and belief, and as to those matters, he believes it to be true.
Page 90 - The right of the people to be secure against unreasonable interception of telephone and telegraph communications shall not be violated, and ex parte orders or warrants shall issue only upon oath or affirmation that there is reasonable ground to believe that evidence of crime may be thus obtained, and identifying the particular means of communication, and particularly describing the person or persons whose communications are to be intercepted and the purpose thereof.
Page 86 - The officer need not be absolutely certain that the individual is armed; the issue is whether a reasonably prudent man in the circumstances would be warranted in the belief that his safety or that of others was in danger. And in determining whether the officer acted reasonably in such circumstances, due weight must be given, not to his inchoate and unparticularized suspicion or "hunch...
Page 87 - A court sitting to determine the existence of reasonable suspicion must require the agent to articulate the factors leading to that conclusion, but the fact that these factors may be set forth in a "profile" does not somehow detract from their evidentiary significance as seen by a trained agent.

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