Police Innovation: Contrasting Perspectives
David Weisburd, Anthony A. Braga
Cambridge University Press, May 4, 2006 - Social Science
Over the last three decades American policing has gone through a period of significant change and innovation. In what is a relatively short historical time frame the police began to reconsider their fundamental mission, the nature of the core strategies of policing, and the character of their relationships with the communities that they serve. This volume brings together leading police scholars to examine eight major innovations which emerged during this period: community policing, broken windows policing, problem oriented policing, pulling levers policing, third party policing, hot spots policing, Compstat and evidence-based policing. Including advocates and critics of each of the eight police innovations, this comprehensive book assesses the evidence on impacts of police innovation on crime and public safety, the extent of the implementation of these new approaches in police departments, and the dilemmas these approaches have created for police management. This book will appeal to students, scholars and researchers.
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activities American policing analysis arrest behavior Braga broken windows policing Chicago citizens City community policing Compstat coproduction crime control crime hot spots crime mapping crime prevention crime problems crime reduction Criminal Justice Press Criminology deterrence developed domestic violence drug effects efforts evaluation evidence evidence-based policing experience Fixing broken windows focus focused gang Goldstein groups homicide hot spots policing impact implemented incivilities Institute of Justice interventions Jack Maple Kelling Kennedy law enforcement Mastrofski Mazerolle ment Monsey munity policing neighborhood NYPD offenders ofpolice ofthe Operation Ceasefire order maintenance organizational Oriented Policing percent places police agencies police departments Police Foundation police innovation police officers police organization police practices policing strategies prevent crime problem solving problem-oriented policing pulling levers reduce crime response Review Research 2004 Roehl Rosenbaum serious crime Sherman Skogan social Spelman studies tactics theory third-party policing Thousand Oaks tion Washington Weisburd and Eck York youth violence
Page 15 - untended" behavior also leads to the breakdown of community controls. A stable neighborhood of families who care for their homes, mind each other's children, and confidently frown on unwanted 78 intruders can change in a few years, or even a few months, to an inhospitable and frightening jungle. A piece of property is abandoned, weeds grow up, a window is smashed. Adults stop scolding rowdy children; the children, emboldened, become more rowdy.
Page 15 - Windows', referred to their central argument: [A]t the community level, disorder and crime are usually inextricably linked, in a kind of developmental sequence. Social psychologists and police officers tend to agree that if a window in a building is broken and is left unrepaired, [original emphasis], all the rest of the windows will soon be broken.
Page 6 - In 20th century America, about $2 billion is spent each year for the maintenance and operation of uniformed and often superbly equipped patrol forces. Police themselves, the general public, and elected officials have always believed that the presence or potential presence of police officers on patrol severely inhibits criminal activity.
Page 15 - A stable neighborhood of families who care for their homes, mind each other's children, and confidently frown on unwanted intruders can change, in a few years or even a few months, to an inhospitable and frightening jungle. A piece of property is abandoned, weeds grow up, a window is smashed. Adults stop scolding rowdy children; the children, emboldened, become more rowdy. Families move out, unattached adults move in. Teenagers gather in front of the corner store. The merchant asks them to move;...