Policing international trade in endangered species: the CITES Treaty and compliance

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Regulation of the international trade in wildlife, worth billions of dollars a year, is the subject of one of the oldest multilateral environmental agreements, the 1973 Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, or CITES. Seen as the flagship wildlife agreement and best known for imposing a ban on international trade in elephant ivory, its mandate covers over 30,000 species. Essential to the Conventions success is its system for inducing compliance with its rules. This thoroughly researched and clearly written book traces the evolution and analyses the effectiveness of the CITES compliance system. It identifies weaknesses and draws on experience from other international compliance systems to suggest improvements. It also provides case studies of noncompliant countries subjected to bans on trade in CITES species, and discusses the compatibility of the Conventions trade provisions with those of the World Trade Organization.

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Overview of compliance control
Primary rules

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About the author (2002)

Reeve is an environmental lawyer specializing in wildlife trade issues, and an Associate Fellow of the Sustainable Development Programme at the Royal Institute of International Affairs (RIIA).

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