Political Disagreement: The Survival of Diverse Opinions Within Communication Networks
Cambridge University Press, Jul 12, 2004 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 249 pages
Political disagreement is widespread within the communication network of ordinary citizens; furthermore, political diversity within these networks is entirely consistent with a theory of democratic politics built on the importance of individual interdependence. The persistence of political diversity and disagreement does not imply that political interdependence is absent among citizens or that political influence is lacking. The book's analysis makes a number of contributions. The authors demonstrate the ubiquitous nature of political disagreement. They show that communication and influence within dyads is autoregressive - that the consequences of dyadic interactions depend on the distribution of opinions within larger networks of communication. They argue that the autoregressive nature of political influence serves to sustain disagreement within patterns of social interaction, as it restores the broader political relevance of social communication and influence. They eliminate the deterministic implications that have typically been connected to theories of democratic politics based on interdependent citizens.
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NEW INFORMATION OLD INFORMATION AND PERSISTENT
DYADS NETWORKS AND AUTOREGRESSIVE INFLUENCE
Representations of Contextual Effects
Accessibility and the Ease of Judgment
Taking Account of Accessibility
Contingent Effects of Campaign Activation
The Axelrod Culture Model
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accessibility acquaintance agent-based modeling aggregate ambivalence analysis arise due attitude autoregressive influence Axelrod Bill Clinton Bob Dole Bush discussants Bush supporters candidate preference cells Clinton Coefficient t-value cognitive dissonance communication among citizens communication networks consequences consider context democratic politics density networks discussant's discussants who support discussion partners disliking distribution Downsian dyad dyadic dynamic election campaign encounter enhanced entropy evaluation experience false consensus effect frequency Gore discussants Gore supporters groups held constant Hence home grids Huckfeldt and Sprague ical impact important interdependence interviews judgments regarding main respondent main respondent's measure ment National Election Study network effects networks of political Number of Bush Number of Gore Objective-C particular Partisan extremity partisanship party identification patterns perceived percent persuasion polarization political communication political disagreement political discussion political diversity political heterogeneity political homogeneity political information political preferences presidential produce question random Republican residual network simulation social communication social interaction Swarm Simulation Table tion variables vote